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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2096] (613/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Of a different nature was a difficulty that arose in 1874 respecting
the treatment^ in regard to customs duty^ of Persian subjects employed
as agents by British mercantile firms. The question seems to have been
first raised by Messrs. Gray, Paul and Co., who drew the Resident's
attention to the large increase of merchandise imported here by
Persian subjects who succeed in passing the same under foreign treaty
stipulations, on the plea that the said merchandise ostensibly belongs
to Indian subjects in Bombay, thus evading the higher customs on
particular articles (due) from them as subjects of the Shah j" and they
suggested that none but British subjects residing in Persia should be
held entitled to the benefit of the treaty stipulations in respect of custoiM.
The point was referred by the Resident, Colonel Ross, to the Govern
ment of India, who replied that ; provided goods were hond fide the
property of British subjects, they must be allowed the benefit of the
lower scale of duty secured to British merchants by treaty, without
regard to whether the owners resided in Persia or not, or to whether
their local agents were British or Persian subjects. The Government of
India did not think that British merchants dealing with Persia should be
hampered in their choice of local agents. Meanwhile the Persian
Government, moved by considerations connected with the loss of
customs revenue by fraud, and so different from those actuating
Messrs. Gray, Paul & Co., had also taken up the matter; and
they presently informed the British representative at Tehran that
orders had been issued forbidding Persian subjects to be agents for
foreign merchants at Persian ports, or to concern themselves with the
goods of such merchants or the payment of customs duty thereon. Mr.
Thomson protested against the interference implied with the choice of
local agents by British firms, and promised them any specific instances of
fraud that could be alleged should be fully and impartially dealt with by tl' 6
local British authorities. The Government of India, it may be observed;
had previously informed the Resident that they did not regard it as their
province to devise measures for protecting the Persian customs hous(
against frauds perpetrated by subjects of the Shah. The Persian Govern
ment persisted for a time in their objection to the tenure of foreign com
mercial agencies by Persian subjects; and early in 1876, under instil
tions from Tehran, the Government of Bushehr actually took bonds f 10 ®
several Persian subjects not to act in future as the representatives
foreign firms. Ultimately, however, on the matter being *
Tehran, the bonds taken were returned, and no more were exacted.
The farming of the customs of all Persia to the Amin -us -Sultan al) ^
1882 was productive of difficulties at various places, especially

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2096] (613/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 8 December 2023]

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