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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2111] (628/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Government was now, as will be shown by and by, to provide funds for
ublio expenditure and for the personal requirements of the Shah, to
whom a tour in Europe had been recommended by his medical advisers ;
Qd in June 1898, having failed in this task, notwithstanding more or
l es s serious efforts both to place the finances of the country on a better
footing and to obtain a loan, the Amm-ud-Dauleh was compelled to
resign office and retire to his private estates near Rasht. His administra
tive programme, it may be observed, had been a reasonable and not
unpractical one: it contemplated a separation of the revenue-spending
from the revenue-collecting agencies of the State, an assessment de novo
of the land tax, a reduction of the regular army, and the organisation
of a properly disciplined gendarmerie, but, except an improvement of the
petty currency of the country which he effected by the introduction of
nickel coins, and a preliminary step which he took towards a reform of
the Customs Department by the engagement of Belgian experts, his
ideas remained virtually unexecuted.
The Amin -ud-Dauleh was succeeded in the headship of the administra
tion by the Mushir-ud-Dauleh, Minister for Foreign Affairs and
President of the Cabinet; but this official proved unable to cope with the
political situation and the pecuniary demands of his royal master, and his
tenure of power was short.
In August 1S98 the Amm -us-Sultan returned to power in his
former capacity of Grand Vizier; and his principal opponents, including
the Farman-Farma, the Qawwam-ud-Dauleh, the Nasir-ul-Mulk, the
A ; la-ul-Mulk, and the Hakim-ul-Mulk, were removed to positions in
ihich their political influence was greatly diminished. In the spring of
1900^ a Russian loan having in the meanwhile been obtained, Muzaffar-
ud-Din Shah started on his long-anticipated European tour; and a
Council of Ministers, presided over by H. R. H. Malik Mansur Mlrza,
better known as the Shu'-as-Saltaneh, his second son, governed Persia in
His absence. Contrexeville, Paris, and St. Petersburg were visited by
His Persian Majesty; but a royal decease prevented this time the
inclusion of Britain, Germany, or Italy in his programme.
In 1902 the Shah made a second journey to Europe, in the course
of which he visited England.
In 1903 troubles of various kinds broke out at many places in Persia,
and there was for a time an agitation against the Shah's Government
which seemed to be partly instigated by the political rivals of the Amin-
us-Sultan or Atabaig-i-A^zam, as he was now styled, and partly pro
moted by the ecclesiastical authorities on patriotic grounds. Important
^ociof this jwim'-seditious movement were Karbalaand Najaf in Turkish
of the
of the Amln-

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2111] (628/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 December 2023]

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