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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2114] (631/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Refusal of a
loan by
Persia. 1901,
Russian loans
to Persia,
exclusively Russian loan had been accepted by the Persian Government
through the Banque des Pr^ts de Perse, a branch of the Russian State
bank. The nominal amount of the loan was about 400,000, with
issue of bonds at 85; the rate of interest was 5 per cent, guaranteed by
the Russian Government; and the security — which was liable
sation by direct control in case of default of payment only —
of the customs revenues of Persia except those of Fars and the Persian
Gulf Ports, The balance of the British loan of 1892 and most other
outstanding liabilities were paid off from the proceeds of this loan, one
condition of which was that Persia should not^ without the consent of
the Russian Government, raise any money in foreign markets before
1910. The control thus established by Russia over the fiscal affairs of
Persia appeared to be absolute.
In the following year, the Shah having returned from his first
European tour and the Persian exchequer being again empty, the British
Government were approached by the Atabaig-i-A^zam with a view to a
loan. The Government of India were willing to provide £500,1
certain conditions, and an offer based on their suggestions was
to the Persian Government, but was in the end rejected by them, chiefly
perhaps from a fear on their part that the receipt of British money
through the medium of the Imperial Bank of Persia, might be r
by Russia as an infringement of the conditions of the Russian loan of
In 1902, the Shah having resolved on a second trip to Europe and
the financial difficulties of Persia having become more acute, in January
and March advances aggregating about £300,000 and in April a
loan of approximately £1,000,000 were accepted by the Persian Govern
ment from the Russian Bank. This additional accommodation cost
Persia dear, and the conditions on which it was granted affected British
interests unfavourably. Among the advantages which Russia secur
were a renewal for ten years of the Russo-Persian agreement in res rai
of railway construction in Persia, an extension of the period of Pc lsia11
financial tutelage to Russia by two years (from 1910 to 1912); and a
undertaking by Persia that changes then contemplated in the Pe^ 11
Customs tariff should be settled between Russia and Persia alone,
security for this new loan included not only the existing customs
Persia generally (excluding Pars and the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Ports), du
the revenues of such customs posts as might afterwards be estab i '
the posts in question being evidently some which it was intend
create on the frontier of Baluchistan.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2114] (631/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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