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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2119] (636/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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awards added, had immediately been sent there to eonnter-
balance the effect of the appointment. Russia, however, did not fail
to acquire a commanding position, both political and commercial, in
Khurasan, where the proximity of the Trans-Caspian Railway and
the Russian garrisons in Central Arabia, assisted by a lavish expenditure
of money, gave her great advantages. Nor was her attitude an expect-
antor indolent one; Russian consular officials, news-agents, surveyors,
aid emissaries of all sorts quickly pervaded the districts of Eastern
Persia southwards, penetrating, as we shall see later, even to Sistan.
In 1897, bubonic plague having become prevalent in India, the
Russian political authorities took advantage of the circumstance to assert
their power in Khurasan by establishing a quarantine cordon on Persian
soil which barred access to Mashhad from Afghanistan on the east and
from Sistan on the south. No cases of plague had occurred in Afghanis
tan or Baluchistan, and the faison d'etre of the cordon was clearly poli
tical rather than prophylactic, especially as it remained unwithdrawn
after signature of the Venice Sanitary Convention of 1897, which con
demned land quarantines in principle. The principal results of the
cordon were to divert Afghan trade from Persian to Russian territory
and to check the growtb of nascent commercial intercourse between
Chietta and Mashhad via Sistan. The cordon was in charge of Russian
fc willlecoa® doctors, whose authority was supported by a force of over 100 Russian
iportantcM Cossacks; and, though the latter were after a time replaced by Persian
Cossacks, their officers remained and continued to take orders from the
ik.fcW Russian Consul-General at Mashhad. Attempts to advance the
politicalpo* Russian cordon further to the south were frustrated hy the despatch of
permeitB medical officer from India to Sistan, of which mention will be
m Polfel^ made in a later paragraph of this chapter. In 1903 His Majesty s
erumeiit^ Government endeavoured, first through the Shah^s Ministers and after-
ements # wards in direct communication with the Russian Government, to obtain
)oDS#tf tk abolition ol the cordon, but without success. Accordingly, towaids
onsularSrt the end of 1903, a British Consul with a British medical officer and an
rency; ^' Man cavalry guard was located at Turbat-i-Haidari, which was the
grpieiitft central point in the Russian quarantine line ; and British subjects and
lerenceJc^ interests were by this means secured from improper interference. In
an isolated case of cholera having occurred at Birjand, an attempt
made by the Russian Consul at Nasratabad in Sistan to instUute
a quarantine cordon between the two places, but it was foiled by British
^presentations at Tehran.

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This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2119] (636/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 December 2023]

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