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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2121] (638/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Consul to Sistaxi; and, to meet this emergency, Major Sykes, then
loved at Kirman, was directed to proceed to Sistan, where he arrived
a^the beginning of 1899 and was duly recognised as the first British
nsular representative. Major Sykes spent the summer at Birjand,
returning in the autumn for a short time to Sistan, and thence to
^ p 0st ^ Kirman. No sooner had he left the district than it
was announced, this time with truth, that a Russian officer was on his
^vay to establish a Vice-Consulate in Sistan. Mr. Miller, the officer in
question, reached Nasratabad in February 1900 ; but the effect of his
appearance was neutralised by the arrival there, a few weeks later, of
Major Chenevix-Trench, who had been selected for the appointment of
His Britannic Majesty^s Consul-General at Mashhad. Early in 1901
Major Trench was relieved by Captain Benn, who was designated and
recognised as His Britannic Majesty's Consul in Sistan.
With the location on the spot of a commissioned representative of
either power, friction between Russia and Britain in local questions
began ; and, the attention of the Persian Government having been thus
forcibly drawn to the district, Belgian officials of the Persian Customs
Department appeared on the scene in 1901, and were followed by a
Persian Karguzar or Foreign Office Agent in 1902^. The local Persian
Governor, the Hashmat-ul-Mulk, was thus superseded in two of his
principal functions; and a complicated and uneasy situation arose. In
1901 difficulties between Persians and Afghans on the Sistan border
became acute, not, it was alleged, without the fostering of the Russian
Vice-Consul; and in the same year it was alleged that Russia had
applied for the conveyance to herself, by one means or another, of
control of the revenues of Sistan, possibly on purchase by Russian agents
of lands which belonged to the Persian Crown, and were said to compose
tlie greater part of the district, or of their produce. This rumour occa
sioned energetic British representations at Tehran which resulted, at the
end of the year, in a written assurance by the Persian Government that
iihe internal revenues of Sistan would not be alienated to any foreign Gov
ernment or its subjects. In 1903 and 1905 there were renewed rumours
of a transfer of the Persian Crown lands in Sistan, or thier produce, to
foreigners ; but diplomatic representations at the Persian capital frustrat
ed the proceedings by which they were occasioned.
In 1902 the status of Mr. Miller, the Russian representative in
Sistan, was increased from that of Vice-Consul to that of Consul, and a
corresponding change in the rank of the British representative followed.
The Belgian Customs officials, probably in consequenee of the ascendency

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2121] (638/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 30 November 2023]

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