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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2143] (660/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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t; U 1
... v commercial and general interests on the Persian Coast and
Islands, 1896--1905.
Certain matters which affected British commercial and general
interests during the period deserve separate mention.
Red oxide of iron had at one time been exported from the island
of Hormuz by the Mu'm-nt-Tujjar, whose interests extended to the ings,
whole of the Persian Coast, and even to ^Arabistan and the Karun
river; but by 1897 his operations in that quarter had apparently
ceased. In the year mentioned a concession for working the Hormuz
oxide deposits was obtained by Messrs. A. and T. J. Malcolm, a native
firm at Bushehr enjoying British protection, to whom a Farman in
the usual form was issued. No sooner, however, did Messrs. Malcolm
begin to exercise their rights than the Mu^in-ut-Tujjar protested and
produced an earlier Farman granted during the reign of the last Shah.
At his demand the Persian Government seized the Hormuz workings
and transferred them to him, and Messrs. Malcolm had recourse to
the British Legation at Tehran. Through the Legation it was arranged
that the dispute should be settled by the Sadr-i-A'zam of the day,
the Amin-ud-Dauleh, as arbitrator; and that, pending his decision,
the Hormuz workings should be re-transferred to Messrs. Malcolm.
This last condition was complied with ; and in January 1898 the
Amin-ud-Dauleh announced his award, which was in favour of the
Mu'in-ut-Tujjar, but which directed that all expenses incurred by
Messrs. Malcolm at Tehran in obtaining their concession, or on Hormuz
in turning it to account, should be re-imbursed to them.
The workings were restored to the Mu'in-ut-Tujjar without delay ;
and the question became, chiefly, one of recovering a sum equivalent
to £1,960 which represented Messrs. Malcolm's expenditure at Tehran.
Cheques drawn by the firm fortunately existed to prove the correctness
of the amount claimed ; but to all demands for execution of the Sadr-i-
A'zam^s award in respect of their indemnification the Persian Govern
ment now turned a deaf ear.
In 1905 the Mu'in-ut-Tujjar, on a visit to England, concluded
a contract with the British firm of Messrs. Strick and Co., for the
export of 8,000 tons of red oxide from the Hormuz deposits.
The embargo system, which had been a cause of much inconvenience Embargoes
to foreign merchants ever since 1863, remained in force during the period; tiouXpro-

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2143] (660/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 December 2023]

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