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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2199] (716/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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measures necessary for restrainiDg
lnm ; in plundering
off some camels and
to take all
several villages near Chahbar and in carrying
donkeys belonging to British Indian traders and to the Telegraph
Department 's employes. In May 1902, trouble still continuing in the
neighbourhood of Chahbar^ representations were made by His Britannic
Majesty's Minister at Tehran to the Persian Government concerning
the deplorable state of Makran. It was suggested by the British
Minister that Mir Mahmud, as also Sa^id Khan of Gaih, who was
known to be countenancing his proceedings, should be arrested and
punished, recourse being had, if necessary, to a military expedition;
but nothing was done. Mustafa GLuli Khan, the Persian Gov-
emor^ detained Sa^id Khan for a time at Bampur and made him pay
heavily for being let go, but he did not require him to put an end to
the troubles at Chahbar.
In 1902-08 the political unrest was aggravated by a severe drought
which affected all the coast districts from Jashk to Gwadar.
Two pernicious developments of the period in Persian Makran were
the growth of a trade with Masqat in modern rifles and ammunition,
beginning soon after 1898, and the appearance in 1903 of the slave
trade in a novel form. These matters are fully dealt with in the ap
propriate Appendices.
The state of Persian Makran in 1905 was still generally disordered
and unprosperoUs. Major Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ,
observed with reference to it:
This tract is the Ultima Thule of the Shah's territory, and, inhabited as it is
by ati alien race with strong Bedouin instincts and a rooted antipathy to its Persian
overlords, it is hardly surprising that the administrative control exercised over it by
the Central Government is of the slenderest character ; and in the result the poverty-
stricken country^ often racked as it is from year to year with the miseries of
famine, becomes a cock-pit of petty inter-tribal dissension and rapine, based usually bn
tlie rivalries of the petty " Mirs " who are incessantly struggling for mastery one over
the other.
Arms trade
and slave-
trade, 1898—
State of
Britisli relations with Persian Makran, 1896—1905.
British interests in Persian Makran have been touched on, inciden
tally, above: it remains to take a general survey of the effects upon them
of the anarchy that prevailed.
The claim made on the Persian Government in connection with the
murder of Mr. Graves has already been discussed, but it did not stand and

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2199] (716/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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