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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2215] (732/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Ttis widely-spreadtseries of indurated marls and clays veined with Fars Series,
sum with interbedded limestones and sandstones^ probably attains
^thickness of not less than 17,000 feet. It forms the big Gisakan range
? i - j Bushehr and is found practically all along the coast. Inland
Reaches an elevation of 7,000 feet above the sea. It rests nncom-
f •mably on the Hormuz series and all nummulitic limestones of Oligo-
e n e The basal beds contain a great thickness of rock-gypsum,
amounting to at least 300 feet. It is in this part of the series that most
of the petroleum of Persia and the Gulf occurs. These basal beds
do not appear to extend to the east of Bandar ^ Abbas, haying probably
been overlapped by newer beds. The fossils met with in Qishm,
Hanjam ; and other islands also indicate that this portion of the
series is newer than the great mass of clays in the interior of
The beds of this series are more or less iinconformable to those of the
o- Farsseries; but at the same time no violent earth movements took
pi ace prior to their deposition. They do not approach to within a
distance of 50 miles of the Gulf, but are largely developed inland, stretch
ing from Musal to Shiraz, and appearing in the hills of Ahwaz and
Behbehan and amid the Bakhtiyari mountains. Red sandstones, grits and
conglomerates are the prevailing rocks. A conglomerate containing
pebbles of red and green chert is a characteristic and widely-spread rock
in the series. These rocks also rest unconformably on Eocene and
Cretaceous beds. They were probably deposited in large deltas or
estuaries, which were then being converted into dry land. They ^ are
unfossiliferous, with the exception of a footprint of a carnivorous animal
found by Mr. Loftus.
Subsequently to the great orogenic movements which elevated and
folded the Tertiaries, an oolitic limestone seems to have been formed on
most of the Gulf islands ; it consists of the remains of smalHoraminifera
along with some sand, round which lime has been deposited in layers. It
was probably a wind deposit and is identical with that of the Kathiawar
coast, which is known as "Miliolite".
Of later date than the Miliolite " are the shelly conglomerates which
are found on all the coasts of the Gulf and have been met with at an
elevation of 450 feet. The shells which they contain invariably belong
to species now living in the Gulf. With regard to many of the deposits
We classed, it is not unlikely that they are really pleistocene ; but we
have no means of determining their age exactly. The red sandhills of
the coast of Trucial 'Oman are found for a distance of 8 miles or more
inland: they owe their colour to numerous round grains of chert. Great
quantities of blown sand are to be seen in Qishm Island. The great
desert plains of the interior of Persia were once the sites of lakes, which
We left terraces of gravel and clay. The alluvium of Turkish 'Iraq^ is
deltaic in origin and is composed of sand and sandy marl containing
numerous marine shells. The formation is being extended at the rate, it
is calculated, of 1 mile in 30 years. The fluviatile clays and gravels
^ Turkish 'Iraq and 'Arabistan and the alluvial gravels of the
Persian highlands and 'Oman can receive no more than a mere
Eecent and

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2215] (732/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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