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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2218] (735/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Earthquakes are frequent and sometimes severe in the Persian
Gulf Proper^ especially towards the lower end upon the Persian side.
In 1865 an earthquake levelled the villages of Darveh Asuh; near
Mugam, with the ground ; and its remarkable effects were witnessed by
Dr. Colvill of the Bushehr Eesidency.
In August 1880 an earthquake was said to have destroyed some
houses and caused about 120 deaths in Bastak,
On the 16th of October 1883 a severe shock was experienced at
Kangun^ "'Asalu and Tahiri and in their neighbourhood^ where much
damage was done^ and tremors continued until the 24th; this shock was
felt also at Bushehr.
In 1884 a somewhat serious earthquake occurred and was felt most
severely on Qishm Island; the shocks continued for several days, tlie
most violent being on the 20th of May^ when a number of villages
were partially destroyed ; and 1 32 deaths were said to have been occa
sioned. Many of the inhabitants left the island and there was mucli
distress^ in consequence of which the annual revenue was remitted; and
the Shah of Persia subscribed 1^400 Tumans for the relief of the desti
tute and the repair of mosques. Shocks were experienced at Lingeh also,
but did no damage there; and in June one was observed at Ras-al-
Khaimah on the Arabian side of the Gulf.
Smart shocks of earthquake were felt at Bushehr on the 14th and
24th of November 1887.
By far the most severe earthquake of recent times in the Persian
Gulf area was one which ; on the night of the 11th of January 1897 ; laid
Qishm town in ruins ; only two mosques and three or four other build
ings were left standing, and over 1^600 bodies were said to have been
afterwards recovered from the ruins. There was some loss of hie, on
this occasion, on the island of Larak ; and vibrations were felt as far
the west as Lingeh.
In June 1902 Qishm and Bandar ^Abbas were affected hy seismic
disturbances, which began on the 9th of June and lasted for several daJS;
and as usual the damage was greater at Qishm town than elsewhere.
In 1905 shocks were experienced on Hanj am Island on the 25th ^
April and on Qishm Island on the 27th of April; and at the same ^
there were movements in the^neighbourhood of Bandar ^ Abbas w 1C
caused landslips and the collapse of houses at the Ginau mountain an
"'Isin village.
Ma»qat. Masqat, on account of its rainless climate and the presence of , s ^
hills of serpentine rock only, presents an appearance which is arid 111

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2218] (735/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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