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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2229] (746/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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, f a bout ^ weeks' duration. In 1906 the Raddah of tlie Bahrain
A ^ began on the 20th of September and ended on the 14jth of October ;
1 in that year the Bahrain and Kuwait fleets closed the season about the
^ ie tirne^ later than the Qatar fleets but earlier than that of Trucial
San, which had delayed in putting to sea at the beginning of the season.
Besides the seasons of pearling at sea, there is also a winter season
1 for shore operations known as the Mujannah In the Mujannah
fishery is conducted chiefly by wading in the shallows along the
coast when the tide is out, and those who take part in it ordinarily
return to their homes at night The pearls obtained in the Mujannah
are ordinarily small and discoloured; nevertheless the magnificent
specimen which gave rise to a dispute mentioned further on in the
pnlitical history of the pearl fisheries was found by a wader of Kumzar.
It may be noted here that a number of Kuwait, Bahrain and Trucial
^man pearlers now visit the Ceylon banks in winter, instead of devoting
themselves to ordinary deep-sea fishing at home, as was formerly ttie
rule; the Government records do not show this practice to have prevailed
earlier than 1889. Large boats in the Pertian Gulf belonging to
enterprising owners are sometimes sent away from the home fisheries to
those of Scqotrah and the Red Sea, where they remain continously for
as much as two consecutive seasons, and return with Zanni and Sadaifi
shells as well as pearls. This seems to be an old custom, and the season of
1885 is recorded as having been a successful one in the Red Sea ; ^ but,
since the Italian Government began to tax pearl boats fishing in Eritrean
waters, the Red Sea venture has become less popular than it formerly was.
The pearl fishers, who till recently had neither charts nor compasses Modus
but are now generally provided with the latter, are extremely expert in operandi t
finding their way to any bank they may desire to reach, and are generally
able to make a direct voyage thither ; they are guided, not only by the
sun and stars and by bearings from the land when in sight, but also by
the colour and depth of the sea and by the nature of the bottom. Some
Kakhndas select the banks which most generally yield a fair return, and
stay on them for the season; other commanders, of a more sanguine or
less methodical temperament, remain on the move and change the scene of
their operations every few days. In the choice of a bank the rsakhuda
is limited by the powers of his divers; 8 fathoms is an ordinary depth,
and is at and 12 is perhaps the greatest at which work can be carried on withou
discomfort; boats with good divers, however, will work on banks carry
ing 14 fathoms. There are men who can negotiate 16 fathoms o
^ iauuumis. xuere ttie uicu —
water, but the strain at this depth is too great to be endured long, even
by the strongest, and fatal accidents sometimes occur in working at
\ a level *
On the banks diving is carried on every day during fine weather ,•
k begins an hour after sunrise and ceases an hour before sunse .
vmji uygms an nour atter sunrise ana ucct&cji — -
The interval between the early morning prayer and the commencemen
of diving is spent by the crew in opening the oysters collected on t e
previous day. This is done with crooke d knives called Mufalic[
* In Ceylon tvaters 9 fathoms ia the ordinary limit of the local divei.
are found who can manage from 11 to 16 fathoms ; hut they can only P "
% happen to find near them, and in the case Of 15 fathoms they come up eihaustea
W Professor Herdman's Report),

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2229] (746/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 July 2024]

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