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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2237] (754/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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rd to the size of their perforations ; but the standard set, used in
orfnary transactions, is composed as follows
Name of "bowl.
Diameter of the
perforations in
decimals of an inch.
or u Head."
or " Bellj.
ot i( Upper Tail."-
or " Lower Tail";
also called Rsbi'ah
or " Fourth."
The largest pearls which pass through the perforations in the last of
these 4 bowls are called Khamisah or " Fifth but of
these the minimum diameter has not been ascertained^ The smallest
pearls retained in the Has bowl weigh on the average, it is said, about
6*20 grains Troy each. The finest Ras pearls are called Naqwah sy" ;
hut this is a class, not a size.
Wholesale purchases of pearls from Nakhudas by Taw washes and
others are, as a rule, made chiefly by size. In this case, after the
Nakhuda has removed any specially fine ^ pearls which he wishes^ to
dispose of by the Chau, as hereinafter explained, the rest are assorted into
Ras, Batn and Dhail, and change hands in the lump at a rate previously
arranged of so many Tumans per Mashhad Mithqal. The Tuman, it
should be explained, is a fluctuating unit of pecuniary value, sub-divided
into 100 Muhammadis and depending, in its relation to^ actual currency,
upon the variations of the pearl market; it is a peculiarity of its use that
the rate for Batn and Dhail pearls is always ^ and ^ respectively, weight
for weight, of whatever may be fixed for those of Ras size. The
^ashhad Mithqal of the pearl trade appears to be the same tl ing as the
ordinary Bahrain Mithqal (see next footnote) and weighs therefore about
4)44( grains Troy: it is sub-divided into 20 Daniqs , (plural,
Dawaruq ) or into 66 H abb ah 3 <***» , (plural, Habbat
olTL ).
The ordinary pearl, after being purchased from an operative by size,
usually passes from one dealer to another on a more precise kind of
estimate based upon weight.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2237] (754/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 8 December 2023]

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