Skip to item: of 1,262
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2240] (757/1262)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

number of different persons. About 20 years ago, however, when the
local price of pearls had been rising for over 15 years, the dealers as a
body endeavoured to combat the operatives by gradually adopting slightly
heavier weights, while retaining the old denominations; when a point had
been reached at which the pearlers refused to sell, the weights were made
lighter again.
The largest pearls are sent to India to be sold individually by the
Chau; but, in the assortment of the remainder into packets, each packet
containing pearls of the same class but not necessarily or usually of the
same size, the ingenuity of the dealer finds further scope, for each of
such packets, if skilfully made up, commands a price higher than the
pearls composing it would obtain if disposed of separately. Dealers are
consequently averse to breaking up their packets, and a fancy price must
generally be paid for a single pearl selected from a packet of which the
remainder are not taken.t
The trade in mother-of-pearl.
The principal mother-of-pearl emporia in the Gulf are Lingeh,
Bahrain and Bushehr, and from these the shells are ordinarily shipped by
direct steamer to Europe, where they are known by the name of " Lingeli
shells.^ The trade has been somewhat injudiciously conducted and
has experienced more than one crisis. Until 1897-98 it was one m
which European and respectable native firms were unwilling to engage,
on account of fraudulent practices associated with it; but its character
has since improved, and a German firm in Bahrain now takes an import
ant share in the shell business.
The local price of Mahhar shells is Es. 1 to 3 per 140 lbs., of Zanni
shells Rs. 4 to 8 per 60 lbs., and of Sadaifi shells Re. i to i per 1 lb-
The annual quantities exported since 1873 are given in Annexure No. 4
to this Appendix.
Sovereignty and dues in relation to the pearl fisheries.
Coast of Arabian side all the banks, whether near to or far fi' 0 ^ 1 . 6
Arabia, coast, are free to the pearl fishers of Arabia and Persia without " 1S ^
tion of race or nationality. The boats from particular ports geneia y
f The explanation of the greater value of a packet as compared with the
value of the pearls separately is not clear. It is suggested however ^ 0 f
weighed separately are rated as equivalent to the lower, and not to the big' ® Sjy
the two small weights to which they may happen to be intermediate, and c0I ! 8e< ^ 1 ^ el .-
"iihat, when a number of pearls are taken together, the small fractions of grai 118
wise sacrificed, being combined, give an additional number of grains.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2240] (757/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 8 December 2023]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [&lrm;2240] (757/1262)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image