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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2246] (763/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Mr. Streetei's
AttemptB to
obtain con
cessions from
the Porte,
assist him without special instructions from Government j and Colonel
Eoss at the same time informed Government that, in his opinion, no
Shaikh had the wish, the right, or the power to grant a pearl fishing
concession. From Buhsher Mr. Grant made his way to Bahrain, but
the Shaikh refused to hold relations with him; and, having been
warned of the danger involved in visiting the rest of the Arab coast,
Mr. Grant appears to have returned to Europe^ 16 infect a ; nor was
anything more heard of Messrs. Smith and Company's project.
The next prospector to come forward was Mr. E. W. Streeter of
London, who at the end of 1889 approached the Foreign Office with a
request for their countenance in ti shing for pearls, with the permission
of the Arab Shaikhs, at depths beyond the reach of native divers. Along
with his application he submitted a pamphlet on the Gulf pearl nshenes,
compiled by himself from all available sources of information, m which
the existing methods were denounced as a a terrible system of bondage,
as degrading and oppressive as slavery itselfColonel ^oss, e
Resident in the Gulf, on being consulted, stated it as his opinion that
the Arabs would not, of their own free will, consent to operations emg
undertaken by Mr. Streeter; and that, even if they did, the snpF
of Mr. Streeter's scheme by the British Government woul in
responsibilities, the nature and extent of which it was ^P 0 ^,
foresee. The Government of India, accordingly, advised , the
of Stale that it was not desirable to encourage Mr. Streeter^ th
Arabs had long regarded the banks as their exclusive pi ope y,
would resent the intrusion of foreigners; that operations m eep
might prejudicially affect the fertility of the shallower ^nks;
inconvenient territorial claims on the part of the Persian and u ^ ^
ernments might be revived. The application was according yi « wou i(l
Her Majesty's Government on the ground that compliance witniL
be likely to give rise to serious difficulties but Mr. St ree ® a ^
apparently, at once renounce his ideas, for, in October it, . ^
Steinberger of Paris called upon Colonel Talbot, the ^ e , ^
Gulf, at Bushehr, and made enquiries, on behalf of ^ r - ^ ans on
others, as to the feasibility of deep-water operations by 1^ ^
the Arabian side. His proposals were however discourag
reported to his principals in a sense unfavourable to the under ^
Early in 1899 it was reported that attempts were j^the
obtain from the Turkish Government a pearl fis hi n ^ f Conce
Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ; but enquiries which were set on foot at ^en
showed that, if proposals had been made, they had no ^
entertained. About a year later, however, it became kll0 ^i ^upa
Porte were anxious to find a financial group who v r ou ^ ^ ^
concession of the kind in question, and that the m -, e ^ e saltan's
discussed, in general terms, between a M. Rechnitzer ancl , e Turkic
second Secretary. It was accordingly decided to warn to the
Government of the possession of prescriptive rights, in r ^ ere j into
Arabian fisheries, by the littoral Arabs whose chiefs had e co ^ rge ^as
special relations with the G overnment of India: this ^ally
dictated by the consideration that the British Government wer^»
regarded as under an obligation to protect the Shaikhs of " if u rki^
and Bahrain in the possession of their maritime rights. -^tion
minister who was addressed promised to bear this common

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2246] (763/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 13 July 2024]

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