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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2247] (764/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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• ] and at the same time he denied that any recent application for
^oncession had been received by the Porte ; but, notwithstanding this
V Maimer it was ascertained that one Montran Effendi Rashid
W lately offered £T 100,000, on behalf of an Anglo-Syrian or Anglo-
rf yptian syndicate, for a concession of the pearl fisheries in the Red
S a and on the eastern coast of Arabia from Kuwait to Qatif, as well
I a royalty of £T 40,000 per annum; that it had been ruled by the
Turkish Financial Commissioner that the pearl fisheries were a matter
ithin the province of the Public Debt Administration; and that the
!rant of the proposed concession had been held to be impossible on
account of the opposition of the Arab Shaikhs, of disturbances in Hasa,
and of various other political obstacles. About the same time the
f ali of Basrah was pressed by the Turkish Government to recover the
full pearling dues payable in Qatar and Bahrain ; but he reported that
the attitude of the Shaikhs made this impracticable, and that in any
case two revenue cutters, which he had not at his disposal, would be
required for the work.
In July 1900 Ratansi Parshotam, a British Indian merchant settled Trucial
at Masqat, after obtaining leave from the Shaikh of Abu Dhabi
and making arrangements with the Bani Yas tribe, sent two Indian to grant
drivers with diving apparatus to the pearl banks; but the venture concesBions,
failed, in consequence, it was said, of the inexperience of the divers 1900.
in pearling operations, and of the boat being taken by the Arab
! guides to an unsuitable place. The Government of India thought that
J the affair, if no notice were taken of it, might form an embarrassing
precedent; and Colonel Kemball, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushehr, accord
ingly gave it to be known that permission for such undertakings
should not be granted in future by the Trucial Shaikhs, and that
British subjects seeking to obtain permission should be referred to the
i Resident. Enquiries by Colonel Kemball from the Shaikhs of Trucial
'Oman and Bahrain showed that the banks were regarded as the
1 common property of the coast Arabs, that no Shaikh had the right to
grant permission for diving to foreigners, and that the appearance of
divers equipped with European diving dresses would probably not be
regarded with equanimity by the local operatives. Accordingly in March
1902, when Tek Chand Dwarka, a British Indian subject in Bahrain,
stated that he had been offered a concession by the Shaikh of Abu Dhabi
for pearl fishing by means of diving apparatus and enquired whether he
could be guaranteed aga\inst molestation in case of his taking it up, he was
informed by the Assistant Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Bahrain that it was not
legally in the power of the Shaikh to grant any concession of the sort.
The next symptom of outside interest in the pearl fisheries was the Belgian ven-
visit of the " Selika a small Belgian steam yacht, to the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. in ture, 1901.
the spring of 1901. The " Selikaafter leaving Masqat, disappeared
till the llth of April, or about a month later, when she made her appear
ance at Bahrain ; but those on board admitted that most of the interim
tad been spent in the neighbourhood of the pearl banks, and it was after-
wards ascertained that on their return to Europe they had disposed of a
quantity of small pearls.
It is noteworthy that in the same year it was announced, in the British com-
"Daily Express" of the 9th of May 1901, that an influential German mumcation

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2247] (764/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 December 2023]

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