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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2249] (766/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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• v • whether such proprietary rights existed in the case of the Persian
Gulf banks or not was, however, a question the answer to which must
on the evidence available as to the enjoyment of the bank fisheries
, n e ^ibes and the exclusion of others from them. It was added, with
•eference to the banks, that there appeared to be grounds for asserting the
l ossession by the tribes of an exclusive right of fishery ; that the enjoy-
nient of such a right by the tribes in common was not a bar in law to
its acquisition ; and that, regard being had to the relations of His Majes
ty's Government with the tribes on the western shores of the Gulf, the
existence of the right might properly be maintained on their behalf
bv His Majesty's Government. With regard to deep waters, where the
tribes themselves had not been accustomed to fish, it did not appear to
the Law Officers that a claim by the tribes to exclude aliens from such
waters could be advanced with any chance of success.
The recommendations of the Law Officers in regard to practical
measures of protection were that fishing by foreigners within territorial
waters might be prevented, but that indirect means should, if possible, be
taken to discourage them from pearling on the non-territorial banks or in
deep water; in the last resort, however, it would be admissible, in the
case of the banks only, to effect the compulsory removal of the vessels;
but such measures should be takenvvith caution, and only after obtaining
authority from the local chiefs. The Law Officers also pointed out that
the whole question might be raised, if this were considered politic, in a
form suitable for decision by the Hague Tribunal; but they added that,
as the result of such a reference was uncertain, it would probably be
better to avoid raising the question internationally.
International political questions on the Persian side, 1883-1907.
The Persian pearl banks are situated, almost without exception, in the
territorial waters of Persia, and their international status is correspond
ingly clear; moreover, as they are subject to the chiefs in whose jurisdic
tions they lie, there is not in their case any question of common popular
rights on a large scale. Any difficulties which may arise on this side of
the Gulf are likely to concern the Persian Government chiefly, and to
have their origin in a conflict between the rights of the central Govern
ment and those of the local chiefs, who, as we have seen, have been able
up to the present time, to exclude the Government from any share in the
profits of the fishery. Mevertheless, the question of pearl diving opera
tions under European or other foreign auspices is not without importance
even on the Persian coast.
In 1882 a concession to fish for pearls on the Persian banks was
obtained by the Mukhbir-ud-Dauleh, the Persian Minister of Telegraphs,
who was also a candidate at the same time for a navigation concession on
tbe Karun River and for oil-mining rights elsewhere; in all these
schemes he was, either openly or privately, associated with the Butish
firm of Messrs. Gray, Paul & Co. of Bushehr. The pearl fishing
concession was the only one of the various projects which actually came
into operation; it was expressly restricted to the territorial waters of
The Mtikh-

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2249] (766/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 December 2023]

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