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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2250] (767/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Illicit enter
prise of a
Efforts of
etc., to
obtain a
MM. Sunye
and Hagens*
Persia. A European professional diver was brought out and tried the
banks near Lingeh and Kharag^ but the results were poor and tlie
operations ended in loss.
An attempt to exploit the Persian banks with modern appliances was
also made by a Kbojah, a British Indian subject, who arrived at Lingeh
in May 1883 with two Indian divers and a diving dress ; he proposed to
experiment first on the Persian side and then on the coast of ; 0man.
Disregarding an injunction by the Commander of H. M. S. "Philomel"
to wait until his intentions had been reported to proper authority
and orders obtained, he commenced operations on the Persian
but his enterprise was a failure, and he eventually returned to
apparently without visiting the Arab banks.
About 1890, persistent efforts were made by several foreign c
to obtain a pearl fishing concession from the Persian Government, but
the particulars are obscure. Perhaps the first to move were the Armenian
firm of Messrs. T. J. Malcolm & Co., trading under British protection
at Bushehr, with whom were associated in this matter the British
shipping firm of Messrs. Strick & Co., London. Other would-be
concessionaires, among them Mr. Streeter of London, appear to
have been in the field soon afterwards; and the Persian Bank Mining
Eights Corporation seem to have advanced a claim to the pearl
fisheries as falling within the scope of their mining concessions, but it
was disallowed by the Persian Government. Eventually the promise
of a monopoly was obtained by Messrs. Malcolm, but it was almost
immediately revoked at the instance of the British Legation at Tehran;
the reasons for the action of the Legation are not ascertainable in India.
Nothing more was then heard of the matter until the end of 1893,
when Mr. Streeter made inquiries from Colonel Talbot, lately Residen
in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , whether Messrs. Malcolm were a firm witb whom
he might safely have relations.
On the 6th of January 1894, Mr. T. J. Malcolm approached the
Foreign Office in London and sought to obtain withdrawal^ ot ^
objections to the grant of a concession in his favour. The point was
referred to the Government of India, who regarded Mr. Malcolm s re( K e ^
with disfavour on account of the political complications with local c ie
which its acceptance might entail, of the impossibility of^ making su
that operations would really be confined to Persian territorial wa er,
and of the probability that a stimulus would be given to Europ 6 ^
interest in the pearl fisheries of the Gulf generally. I 11 ^ ® ^
Mr. Malcolm's application was rejected, with the remark i ^
working of the concession would give rise to serious difficulties an
Her Majesty's Government were therefore unable to lend their supp 01 ' •
In March 1898, a pearl fishing monopoly was at length ^ a ^ 11 ^
granted by the Persian Government to M. Sunye, a Spaniar ,
M. Hagens, a Belgian, both of whom were adventurers of 110 ^V 110 ^gt
bad character; the term of the grant was for 30 years from the ^
of March 1898. The privileges conveyed were restricted to deep
inaccessible to native divers, but they extended, subject to ^
provision, and to a special stipulation against interference ^
rights or methods of the existing native divers to " W 0
the Persian coasts/' In return for the concession an annual i0 j

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2250] (767/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 July 2024]

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