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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2251] (768/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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f 250 000 francs was to be paid by the holders to the Persian Govern-
t a merc l iant ^ London was
^Vd by a French correspondent in Paris to form a syndicate for taking
the concession, but, before the negotiations had made any progress,
f 8 W as informed by M. Sunye that the concern had now passed into
jf Panels of Russian capitalists ; M. Sunye explained that the con-
ion which had lapsed through non-payment of the first instalment of
the royalty, had been renewed in his sole name through Russian influence.
UDto the end of June 1900 the first instalment of the royalty was still ap-
arently unpaid, and attempts had been made to place the concession at
Odessa • hut the utmost secrecy was maintained by those interested, and
little information could be obtained. There is some reason to think that the
visitof the " Selika " to the Gulf in 1901, already mentioned, was connec
ted with this matter ; but active operations under the concession have not
vet been begun (1907), and the concession may possibly have lapsd.^
In 1899 and 1900 the subject of this concession was discussed Communira-
withthe Persian Government, who at first asked the reason of the British J; 10 ^ ^
inquiries and were informed m reply that all matters connected with ^j t e y ian d
pearl fishing rights in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. were of interest to Britain, especi- Persian
ally when there was any question of conceding them to foreigners. The Govern-
chief uncertainty, however, was as to the actual local limits of the Sunye ment s ,
concession, and it necessitated a warning to the Persian Government that igoo "
Her Majesty's Government could not recognise any contract which
might interfere with the rights exercised by chiefs under British
protection; to this the Mushir-ud-Dauleh merely replied, with some
reserve, that the Persian Government could only grant a concession in
so far as their own rights extended, and that it was out of the question
that British rights should be affected. Reference to the charts of the
Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. showed that the deep waters within Persian jurisdiction,
to which alone the concession could apply, were of trifling extent, not
exceeding 820 square geographical miles in all. ^
The latest venture threatening European interference with the Recent pro-
Persian pearl fisheries is that of the Sponge Exploration Syndicate ce ^' n ^ of
Limited, a company with a nominal capital of £1,000, _ registered m fore ; g p nel . s-
London bnt directed chiefly hy foreigners of various nationalities. In
1905 the company more than once addressed the Foreign Office m
London, seeking their good offices for the purpose of obtaining concessions;
they at first described their business as that of « sponge, pearl and coral
finders but subsequently declared their intention to occupy themselves, in
the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , exclusively with sponges. No assistance was_ given
them; but during the late Shah's tour in Europe, they succeeded^ in pro
curing at Vichy, on the 29th of August 1905, a 5.0 years' concession and
monopoly for sponge fishing in Persian waters. Under this author
ity some diving was carried on in 1905 and 1906 by GreeK employes
of the syndicate ; but nothing happened to fulfil the expectation,
locally entertained, that attempts would be made by the company to
combine illicit pearl fishing with their legitimate operations m sponges.
A Parisian jeweller. Mine. Nattan, came to Bahrain for the pear
season of 1905 and remained there from the beginning of August till
the end of October. She had some difficulty in establishing relations
with the local dealers, but eventually succeeded in buying pearls on the
spot to the amount of Rs. 40,000.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2251] (768/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 9 December 2023]

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