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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2253] (770/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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The statistics for the year 1905-06, in which Kuwait figures for the
first time ; are as follow :~
Bahrain ....... , 1,26,03,000
Trucial 'Oman < 80,00,000
Lingeh . . ..... 6,95,861
Kuwait ....... 1,34,700
Masqat . . ..... 22,500
Bandar'Abbas . . . . . . Nil.
giving a total value, at the present rate of exchange, of £ 1,4 34,399
A few remarks explanatory of the fluctuations from year to year of
the total estimated value of the pearl harvest may not be out of place here.
The principal factors are the number and quality of the pearls obtained,
which vary from year to year, and the prices ruling in the market; the
second of these considerations is perhaps the more important, and, in
comparing recent years with early ones in the table above, it must be
remembered that average prices have more than doubled since 1877.
The number of the pearls obtained depends^ partly, on the greater or less
productivity of the oysters and, partly, on accidents of weather, epidemic
3, etc., which interfere with diving operations.
In 1877 the yield of pearls was good, but bad weather counteracted
the success of the operations. In 1883 a new bank in 3 fathoms was
found to the south of Halul Island. The season of 1885 was unpropitious,
and a number of deaths from deep diving occurred. In 1893 cholera in
Bahrain, and in 1894 fever in Trucial 'Oman, made those seasons less
successful than they would otherwise have been. In 1896 and 1897
many boats and lives were lost in consequence of storms. In 1899, in
anticipation of the Paris Exhibition of 1900, there was much speculation
locally in pearls j but the speculators failed to realise the prices they
expected, and many bankruptcies followed. The take in 1901 was good, as
regards both quantity and quality, and the approach of the coronation
of His Majesty King Edward VII caused a local rise in the price of
In 1902 the season was a good one for divers, but unprofitable to
dealers, as local prices continued to increase. In 1903 the yield was not
very large; but the quality was good, and prices still went on rising on the
spot, in advance of the Bombay market. In 1904 there was a strong
reaction, many of the previous season's pearls being still unsold : the take
also was less, partly in consequence of gales.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2253] (770/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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