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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2295] (812/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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,i e plantations form an almost continuous belt, sometimes 7 miles deep,
loner the coast; in Wadi A seasonal or intermittent watercourse, or the valley in which it flows. Samail the palms are estimated at 600,000 ;
^ the Badiyah division of Sharqiyah there are some 158,000 date
JJees Large groves also exist at places in Dhahirah, especially at ^Ibri,
Jhere the trees are supposed to number about 50,000. The best known
Lecies of dates in the 'Oman Sultanate are the Mibsali , Fard
t', and Khalas ; of these the Fard is a small dark-coloured
date grown mostly in Wadi A seasonal or intermittent watercourse, or the valley in which it flows. Samail, while the palms of Badiyah are
chiefly Mibsali. In Sharqiyah generally the Mibsali abounds.
By natives of the country the Mibsali date seems to be preferred to The date
all other kinds ; but it is also much appreciated in India and is exported ^
in considerable quantities from Sur to Bombay. The Fard is a very
favourite date in America, where the supply is hardly ever equal to the
demand; and an attempt has been made, though as yet without much
success, to acclimatise the Fard palm in Arizona,
The exportation of dates from the 'Oman Sultanate depends chiefly history of
upon accidents of season. In 1878 the crop was ruined by heavy and th(
unseasonable rain, which fell just as the fruit had begun to ripen ; but 'Qraan Sul>
in 1879, a year in which there was no rain, the yield was excellent, tanate, 1878'
and the export was double that of the preceding season. 7i).
In 1880 it was remarked that the exportation of dates from the 1880.
'Oman Sultanate, not only to India, Yaman and Zanzibar, but also to
America, was increasing ; dates were exported from Sur, Quryat and the
Batinah coast as well as from Masqat, and it was believed that half the
trade of the country thus escaped registration.
In 1881, in consequence of a bad harvest, few dates were exported 1881-82.
from Masqat; but in the following year the crop was exceptionally good
and heavy consignments abroad were made.
In 1883 the trade to America was rapidly increasing, and, to 1883.
meet the American demand, Fard palms were rapidly being planted.
In 1884 the New York market was reported temporarily over- 1884
stocked ; but large quantities of dates went as usual to America, South
Arabia and East Africa.
In 189& the supply of dates for exportation was short, in conse- 1892.
quence of political disturbances in Wadi A seasonal or intermittent watercourse, or the valley in which it flows. Samail which interrupted for a
time communication between the Sharqiyah district and the port of
In 1898 there was a heavy decrease in the quantity of dates 1898,
sent to India, America and Turkey in Asia ; it was due to a bad crop,
resulting from the failure of certain hot dry winds without which, it is
said, the date cannot ripen.
l)e embodied in the present Appendix wUl be found hi the Office Library,
Simla, in Special Reports on Date Culture and the Date Trade in the Per nan
Gulf 1906, Misc. No V. N. 140. Some facts in regard to the date trade are ascertain-
able from the annual Administration Reports of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Political Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India.
and in the Consular Reports for Basrah, Baghdid and Muhammareh; from Mr. H. W.
Maclean's Beport on the Conditions and Prospects of British Trade %n Persia,
1903 ; and from Mr. A. H. Gleadowe -Newcomen s Beport on the Commercial
Mission to South-Eastern Persia during 1904-05, printed 1906.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2295] (812/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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