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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2299] (816/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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some 40 in number, are classed
Sair /
cm 1
The exportable dates of
^ .
Zahdi and Kursi ^
together under the name of
Baghdad neighbourhood are
Dates are the principal export of Turkish 'Iraq; they are shipped
entirely at the port of Basrah. The bulk of the trade is in dates grown
near Basrah, which are exported in boxes to England and America; but a
proportion consists in Zahdis and Kursis of Baghdad origin, which are
skins and now go chiefly to Egypt, the Levant A geographical area corresponding to the region around the eastern Mediterranean Sea. , and Black Sea
The Basrah date crop was estimated in 1887 at 60,000 tons, and of
this amount about 44,000 tons were exported : viz., 20,000 tons by
steamer to London, for Europe and America, and 24,000 tons by native
sailing vessels to Arabia, Persia and India. The Halawi date was at
this time the favourite in Europe and America, and the Zahdi had some
sale in India.
In 1888 a prohibition against the export of dates from Baghdad^
which had been in force for some years, was removed; and in this season
some 30,000 skins of Baghdad dates were exported to London by 3 or 4
merchants, to whom the trade was then confined.
In 1889 the quantity of dates shipped at Basrah was larger than in
any previous year and prices were high; but some native merchants
speculated recklessly, packed unripe dates, and were ruined; by these
events the trade was thrown more into European hands than before.
Many new groves were being planted at this time in "'Iraq to meet the
increase of the trade.
In 1891 the date crop in ; Iraq was excellent. In 1892 it was
reported that the production of dates in the Basrah neighbourhood had
increased fivefold during the preceding 12 years; and that, whereas 12
years previously nearly all the dates exported were packed in baskets and
went to England, part were now boxed for Europe and America, while
the remainder, in skins, had begun to take a leading place in the Indian,
African and Eed Sea markets, but were in small demand in Europe.
In 1893, during the first part of the season, there was a doubt whether
the Government of the United States, on account of a cholera epidemic,
would allow the importation of Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. dates. The previous year
had been a prosperous one at Basrah and large stocks of date boxes had
been laid in by exporters, whereby growers were encouraged to demand
excessive prices ; but at the end of the packing season the growers, as
great quantities of dates still remained on their hands, lowered their
prices, and a large exportation of dates in baskets took place.
In this year the date crop of the Baghdad region was not very large,
in quality it was exceptionally good; as usual the operations at
only lasted a short time, for there only the first of the new
crop is exported.
In 1894 the crop in the Basrah neighbourhood was a plentiful one,
and moderate profits were obtained by holders who realised promptly,
but those who did not sell until the end of the year suffered heavily from
a fall of 25 per cent, in European prices. This fall was attributable
partly to a prohibitive new duty imposed by the French Government on
Date trade
in Turkish
History of
the date trade
in Turkish
'Iraq, 1887.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2299] (816/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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