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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2301] (818/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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The date crop at Baghdad in this year was above the average, but
rain was so scarce that the export of dates was prohibited by the
Turkish authorities.
The Basrah crop in 1898 was small, and prices were kept high by 1898.
o-rowers, who can combine in a way that is impossible to merchants ;
in the struggle between these two classes the latter are always at a
^advantage, as they have not only to lay out large sums in boxes, but
also to engage freight in advance, with the result that later they must
either ship or pay dead freight. Until late in the season, when a scar
city of Smyrna figs increased the demand for dates, no margin of profit
was left to exporters ; the average cost of landing Halawis in London
was at first 145. 6d. and the selling price only 15s.
The yield in the Baghdad neighbourhood was fairly good in this
year, but the embargo of the previous year on exportation , was main
tained by the Turkish authorities in consequence of a continued scarcity
of grain.
The total number of cases leaving Basrah in this year was about
500,000 of ^ a cwt. each; of these 65,000 were exported direct to New
York, and 70,000 to Port Said for transhipment to Mediterranean ports.
The heavy floods of 1896, as already mentioned, did great damage 1899.
to the date plantations of lower Turkish r lraq, and the yield of dates in
1897 and 1898 remained comparatively small; but in 1899 the position
of earlier years was regained. Large speculative sales were made in
England in this year before the crop ripened and proved highly
remunerative, the prices paid by exporters to growers having generally
been low. The export of dates grown in the 1899 season continued into
January and February 1900 and swelled the returns of that year.
There was a great demand for dates in India on account of famine,
enabling growers to export their surplus to that country as a basket"
The Baghdad crop in this year, was good, and towards the end of
the season some exportation took place, merging in that of Basrah.
In 1900, encouraged by the results of the previous year, exporters 1900.
again arranged for extensive operations; but the crop, though abundant,
was inferior on account of cool dry winds which prevailed during the
summer and parched the fruit upon the trees. Local growers combined
to raise prices, the European market was low, and most exporters in the
end lost heavily ; but the export nevertheless exceeded the normal ^ by
some 6,000 tons and large unsaleable stocks accumulated in the United
The Basrah date crop almost invariably promises well at the begin- 1901.
ning of the season; but, though almost independent of rainfall, it
frequently disappoints the anticipations formed. The year 1901 was no
exception to this rule, a promising crop being ruined by hot dry winds
at the time of ripening ; the produce was in consequence hardly up to
the average in quantity, and it was so unequal in quality that for the
first time on record Halawi dates were graded in two classes; but the
season was a more favourable one to merchants than 1900, for, though
profits were not particularly large, fewer losses were made and those

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2301] (818/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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