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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2304] (821/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Zahdi (jWAj, borne by palms raised from seed, here the worst of all
kinds but somewhat in demand for the manufacture of spirits and
History of
thedate t rade
in '.Arabis-
We, may now briefly take account of the date trade and its fluc
tuations at Muhammareh since 1892.
In 1893 the crop was better than in 1892 ; at the beginning of the
season the local price was bs. per 160 lbs., but the Bombay market was
overstocked and it fell to 3^. 6d.
The date harvest in 1894 was similar in quantity and quality to
that of 1893 ; but in the Bombay market there was little demand, and
the price fell to 2^. per ICO lbs.
The crop of 1895 was below the average, the palms having been
exhausted by the yield of the preceding years ; the price was U. U. per
160 lbs.
In 1896 the crop was again small, tkis time in consequence of floods
in spring, and prices rose to 5^. 10^. and even to Is. 10^. per 160 lbs.
The crop of the following year was also deficient, and prices stood at
about Rs. 4-3-0 per cwt.
A cold spring diminished the crop in bulk ; but a strong demand,
beginning in April, raised prices at first to Rs. 1\ and Es. 9^ per cwt.
according to quality; after packing for the European market was com
pleted, rates declined agai\ to Rs. 5 and Rs. 6-9-0 per cwt.
The crop in 1899 was unusually large and prices were correspond
ingly low, ranging from 7 to 12 Qrans per 164 lbs. In this year, in
addition to the £4,338 worth of dates shown in Annexure No. 1, about
6,000 tons weight of dates left Muhammareh in non-Indian sailing
vessels, but chiefly for India.
The yield of dates in 1900 was smaller than in 1899, but still above
the average; the summer was an unusually dry one and the fruit was
deficient in syrup. The price was about 5^.8^. for IJ cwts. In this
year a greater than ordinary proportion of the dates exported in Arab
sailing vessels was destined for Red Sea ports.
In 1901 the Muhammareh date crop promised well, but a portion of
it was spoilt by hot winds and dust. Until the time when packing for
the European market was completed the ruling price was 3s, per H
cwts ; but afterwards, owing to the arrival of coasting craft in great
numbers to purchase, it rose gradually to 65. 3d.
The crop in 1902 was about the same as in the preceding year;
and again some damage was done by persistent dry winds and dus
Prices ranged from 4^. to 6<?. 4^. per Ij'cwts.
The crop of 1903 was good on the whole, but it suffered to some
extent by excessive damp in July.
In 1904 the yield was below the average owing to dust storms*
the average price was 4^. per IJ cwts., at which figure the European
and American demand was small but the Indian market continued

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2304] (821/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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