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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2319] (836/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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SAILING CRAFT OF THE PERSIAN GULF The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ,*
C ommander A. R owand^
There are about fourteen types o£ native craft which belong to the
Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. proper. These only differ materially in point of size^ rig ;
shape of stern ; and length of(keel in proportion to total length ; other
slight differences are maintained in connection with the formation of
stem and stern-post heads, and in the decorative art displayed in the
carving on them. In some cases there is no apparent difference to the
casual observer, and the whole show a similarity in general features,
whilst the same principle of construction applies to nearly all. As a
general rule these vessels are remarkable for the beauty of their lines,
and it is probable that many of our modern yachts can hardly show
more graceful curvature, though of course greatly excelling in finish.
They sail well and are weatherly craft.
The following is a general description of the construction of the
larger, or sea-going vessels, which practically applies to all. The hull
are constructed of roughly adzed planks of teak and jungle-wood, which
are nail-and trenail-fastened to the ribs in a very rude and somewhat
unsafe manner, notwithstanding which many of them achieve extraordi
nary longevity. They are usually decked, with suitable hatchways, etc.,
and are often fitted with high poops, many being prepared by internal
equipment for defence. Those of the Arab Coast usually carry one or
two guns, now used for saluting only : war vessels are not now found in
the Gulf. Some are sheathed on I" plank bottoms with V 7 board, and
a preparation of cocoanut oil and damar (or country resin) is put in be
tween, which causes the vessel to be very dry and durable, and prevents
the teredo worm from attacking the bottom. The outside of the sheath
ing board is coated with a mixture of grease and whitewash, boiled
together, to prevent fouling ; this latter coat is renewed about twice a
year. The topsides, outside, are coated with two applications of sharks
oil every year; and the whole of the interior is given one coat during a
similar period : this prevents the timbers from splitting and warping.
As a rule they have considerable beam in proportion to their length, and
possees great sheer, with a sharp-rising floor. Many are fitted with ports
in stern and poop ; some have square and others pointed sterns. The
seams of the planking are caulked with raw cotton. They are fitted with
two masts raking forward, and inclined at an angle of abou t 15° to the
* This Appendix (exceot the Notes and Annexures Nos. 2 and 3} was very kindly
written for the present Gazetteer by Commander A. Eowand, R.a.M., who made a
special study of the subject. Annexnre No. 2 was compiled from information
afforded, through Captain S. G. Knox, Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , by Ha]! Hamud-bm-Badar
of Bahrain, the principal boat builder at Kuwait, in 1905. The particulars contained
in Annexur© Eo. 3 were supplied by Mr. Im'am-al-Haqq of the Bahrain Political
Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. . The spelling of native names in this Appendix has been adapted by the editor
to the system used throughout the Gazetteer.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2319] (836/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 July 2024]

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