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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2334] (851/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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and charac
teristics of
camals in
and character
istics of camels
in Turkish
and character
istics of
camels in
Persia and
M akran.
of camels.
In the ^ Oman Sultanate the chief camel districts are sharqiyab and
Batinah ; the Daluls or riding camels of 'Oman are the best
in Arabia^ and are much prized in the other parts of the peninsula. In
Trucial 'Oman many camels are owned by the Bedouin tribes, and in
Qatar they are bred by the settled as well as by the nomad population;
but in the Bahrain Islands there is little use for camels and only a few
are owned. In the Hasa Sanjaq camels are plentiful, and the Daluls
are inferior to those of 'Oman only ; the Kuwait Principality also is well
stocked with camels. In all the three divisions of Central Arabia the
camel is of supreme importance and is used not only for transport pur
poses but also, by the settled population, to raise water from wells; the
milk, as everywhere in Arabia, is drunk by Bedouins. The camels 01
Southern Najd are smaller and darker in colour than^ those of Jabal
Shammar in the north and they are considered to be of a higher class; they
are, however, worse tempered and less tractable.
Camels are obtainable, in fair quantities, throughout the whole of
Turkish 'Iraq ;a proportion are very light in colour. Those of the nan
Lam tribe are reputed particularly good.
In the drier districts of 'Arabistan there is no scarcity of camels;
but in this province they are only used for transport and are not ridden.
Camels are found, though not abundantly, along- the
coast, and
the numbers in
— whole Persian
^a "few" of"the" districts "have been returned as
Hay at Davud
For the majority of the districts no precise statistics are a ^ al ^ ,
The camels of Persian M akran are small, carry a load of about *
and march 2^ miles an hour ; here females are not genera ly
unless they are barren.
Prices vary within very "wide limits according to locality and class
of animal. In Hasa a good riding camel costs £18 or more ^
Mutair prices .of good Daluls range from £6 for a female to £ ,
male, while the best Ba'irs jW or male baggage camels can^ e ,
for £6 and the best females for £5 each; and m Persia
an ordinary camel may be bought for £3-10-0 to £7-0-0.
Camels do not appear to be exported from the Persian
land from Kuwait, from Turkish 'Iraq, and probably from iNa]d, t ^
Droves of 300 to 600 camels are occasionally marched to oyi ^
Kuwait, and there is a more regular export in the same
Turkish 'Iraq, where the chief collecting centres are Samawah, i ^
and Najaf ; the ultimate destination of most of these, which
via Musal to Aleppo, is believed to be Egypt. A few good ruiin, ^
o -o from 'Oman as rarities to other places, and in this way a icwb ^
sent by the Sultan as a gift to the Sharif of Makkah. The P ersia j n cage
appears not unworthy of consideration as a source of camel supply
of extensive military operations by the army in India.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2334] (851/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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