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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2335] (852/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Horses are scarce in
W j few are kept on
the ''Oman Sultanate; and in Trucial 'Oman
:ew ar« account of diffioulty in feeding them. In
a few of the settled population and the Bedouins generally both
^iTand breed horses. In the Bahrain Islands there are only a few
Jes about 50 in number, owned by the ruling family; they are of
y vji' |3 reec l but have deteriorated in consequence of the climate and the
miiditions in which they are kept. In the Hasa Sanjaq the horses
mffnpd by the settled population are few, there being only about 100 in
the Oasis of Hasa and 50 in that of Qatif ; but the Bedouins of the
curroundino- deserts are well provided with horses, and _ from them
serviceable animals of some breeding may be obtained at prices ranging
from £18 to £36. In the Kuwait Principality horses are possessed, as
the? are elsewhere, by the Bedouins. Najd or Central Arabia is the
nrincipal horse-breeding country in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and the only one
in the world, except the adjacent Syrian desert, where the genuine Arab
is produced on any considerable scale. Here horses are most numerous
in northern Central Arabia or Jabal Shammar, nearly all persons ot
consideration in that district possessing a larger or a smaller number;
but the export trade depends largely on the more central district ^ ot
Qasim, where the towns of 'Anaizah and Buraidah are the principal
markets. 'Anaizah, supplied principally by the Qahtan furnishes as
a rule animals of higher caste, while at Buraidah, provided chiefly by the
Mutair, the number of animals is usually larger.
The horses of 'Iraq have a high reputation and the supply of them
is considerable, but they are not equal to those of Na^d; some realy
good horses are bred, however, in the neighbourhood of Hillah and
Diwanivah, and the horses of the Bani Lam tribe, to the east of the
Tigris/are reputed excellent. A certain number of passable ndmg
horses are available at Baghdad.
Horses, in some cases of fairly good quality, exist m considerable
numbers in'Arabistan; nearly all are mares, as colts are intentionally
destroyed. In the districts of the Persian Coast horses are found, but
not in the same excellence or abundance as in Arabia; statistics aie not
available except for the following districts
Hayat Davud
Bandar 'AbbSs
Horsea in
Horses in
•The principal authorities on horses are Co WW
Mj Anne Blunt'a Bedouin Tribes of theEuphrate^im,
fl'jd, 1881; and Major R. D. TJpton'« Ule T 183-144,
To these we may add Baron Nolde s Betse na i 1866,
Cokel L. Pell/s Be V ort on a Journey ^ 1874
paragraphs 15 and 78 and Appendix XII, and ^ J • Pou^ty and Palgrave,
Paragraphs 46 (footnote) and 129 ; also toe works Maclean's and Newcomen 's
tntthe last is an indifferent authority. the title of this
^Ports and;|the geographical articles quoted Persia, vide a report
Appendix. For facts relating to the horse suppy Operations for India, dated 1st
Colonel B. Williams, Director of Army ! ^ 0 ^ t T ^ a r eport dated 15th June
%uary 1887 ; remarks on ponies by Captain H. K. iate in a repu

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2335] (852/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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