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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2337] (854/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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{ l^af'
^ %
^ ratkr t
'i Cei
^umaiej yjlji
^ Bahrain
bred in'Iii
ortion of 1
,ows, is
[t is at t®
i in Arabia
a prohibits
effect of
ended for
i and sH|
)0, as agi
■tte Ottoi
nes c(
born spffl'
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ii M
w liich there seemed ^ to be but little profit to the bulk of those engaged,
were at this time divided between Basrah^ Muhammareh and
In 1889-90 it was stated that the exportation from Basrah varied 1889-90.
little in value from year _ to year, but that the quality of the animals
exported was steadily deteriorating in consequence of the drain upon the
sources of supply, which was excessive.
In 1891 the Bombay market for Arabs was overstocked; but in the 1891-92.
following year, the number sent being smaller while the demand in
India remained constant, good prices were obtained, and the season was
a profitable one to dealers.
In 1893 the number of horses exported to India was considerably 1893-94
larger than in 1892, but prices continued to be good; and in 1894,
though a slight decrease in the volume of the trade occurred, it was due
to short supply^ and not to a bad market, and the dealers still had reason
to be satisfied with the results of their operations.
In 1895 a strong demand in India was anticipated, and the 1895.
exportation from "'Iraq was unprecedentedly heavy; the shipments also
were made earlier in the season than usual.
The number of horses exported to Bombay was below the average. 1896 -
This was due to dearness of fodder in India and to the appearance of
bubonic plague at Bombay, in consequence of which the usual late-
son shipments did not take place.
In 1897 there was further falling-off in the trade, due to the continu- 1897.
of plague and scarcity of fodder in India, and to the purchase of
3 for military purposes by the Turkish Government.
The season of 1899 was expected to be unusually profitable in India; 1899.
but an export duty of 5 Lirahs or £4*10-0 sterling per horse was
imposed by the Turkish Government, which checked the operations.
Considerable numbers of animals were however smuggled from 'Iraq
into Persia and shipped from Muhammareh, where the Shaikh was
content to realise an export duty of 5 per cent, ad valorem.
In 1900 direct trade from ''Iraq practically ceased in consequence of 1900.
the export duty; but horses continued to leave the country as usual,
being shipped, as in the previous year, at Muhammareh instead of
The prohibitive export duty of 5 Lirahs per head having been 1902.
oved, the trade began to resume its normal course, and 945 horses
^ an average value of £6 were shipped fr:)m Basrah in 190^.
Good prices obtained at Bombay in 1902 encouraged exportation, 1903
W 3,845 horses left Basrah for Bombay in 1903 ; but the market was
^favourable, and dealers suffered heavy loss. Many of the animals
' were inferior and remained unsold at Bombay until the followin g
In 1904 the animals sent from ''Iraq to Bombay were of better 1901 -
aver age quality than in the preceding year; but the Indian market was
^rstocked, and some small dealers, it was stated, were unable to dispose
^ their horses there or to pay their way back to their native country".
X5 7

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2337] (854/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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