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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2342] (859/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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spent November of that year in 'Arabistan and then went to Isfahan
where he remained until September 1891; this officer examined
in all 10,953 mules, of which he purchased 64 j for artillery and
1,727 for transport work: of the whole only 46 were obtained in
'Arabistan. The two latest deputations of officers from India to Persia
for the purchase of mules have been those of Major G. H. Arbntlmot
and Tjieutenant V. P. B. Williams; the former of these made Isfahan
his principal centre and between April and October 1904 collected 953
mules; while the latter, who devoted his attention chiefly to the districts
adjoining Kirmanshah and to Pusht-i-Kuh, obtained 85 ordnance and
156 transport mules during the period from June to October 1907.*
The exportation of the animals purchased by these representatives of the
Army "Remount Department is not traceable in the annual statistics for
the ports of Bushehr and Muhammareh; it may perhaps have been
intentionally omitted as an official transaction. The result of these
deputations has been to show that there are difficulties in the way of the
establishment of an ordinary trade in mules from Per si? to India^ the
demand at Bombay and Karachi being at present chiefly military, an
that, in order to obtain mules from Persia, it may probably continue to be
necessary to send purchasing officers from India.
Donkeys are found, in fair numbers and of average quality, throughout
the whole region of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. J on the Arabian side ^ ^ ar
employed exclusively as transport, but in the Persian districts t e} ar
used also for ploughing. Donkeys are of little use as transport amma
in the sandy tracts of Arabia, where the going is heavy to em ,
account of the smallness of their hoofs ; and in such districts came so)
are used. .
Donkeys in Except in the Hasa Sanjaq and, to a limited extent, in the Bahraiu
Central 1 ^ Principality, the donkeys of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. are of ordinary s ^ ze
Arabia. quality. In the Hasa Sanjaq, however, an excellent kind of white o
is bred, which is now found also—and perhaps in its greatest pertec i
in Bahrain ; in both of these districts, however, ordinary donkeys pre
nate over the special breed. In the Hasa Sanjaq the num er o
white donkeys is estimated at 3,200 in the Oases of Hasa an
* Full details of the proceedings of these officers and of the cost, the
etc., of the mules purchased bj them will be found in their repor s,
footnote to the heading of this section. reader is
t For particulars, in addition to those given in the text below, ^ e ie ar ticles
referred to the Geographical Volume of this Gazetteer, especially (j 0 lonel
"Bahrain" and "Hasa Oasis." Vide also remarks on donkejs ^ ^ jjj his
B. Williams in his report of the 1st February 1887 and by Captain H-. ^ rI0 y
report of the 15th June 1889, both of which are among the records ^ tHe
Kemount Department, Simla. Captain Tate purchased 30 donkeys m
Government of India.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2342] (859/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 8 December 2023]

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