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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2345] (862/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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tk animals being first collected in the neighbourhood of ^Amarah. The
Arab sheep of the , Iraq plain has a fine curly wool; but a crossbreed
between it and the hill sheep of Kurdistan exists, of which the wool is
coarser and straighter.
In 'Arabistan goats are less numerous than sheep, and in parts of sheep and
that province there is only a sprinkling of goats. Persian sheep and goats in
goats are fully described in the Annexure to this Appendix, and HO Persia,
remarks on them are therefore required in the present place. The sheep
and goats of Persian Makran are small, like the other domestic animals
of that country.
Persian sheep.
Generally speaking there are only two distinct breeds of sheep in Varieties ot
Southern Persia and Arabia, viz,, the 'Arabi ^ and the Turki . Persian
or Luri ; but in some localities a thircl, a crossbreed
two, may be added.
Persian sheep are very hardy little animals, which can thrive on General
_ next to nothing, finding food where other animals would die of character-
starvation ; and, despite their slender build, they are well able to stand i8tics -
the inclemencies of the weather, particularly the heat and scorching
winds which are so prevalent along the low lands of Southern Persia
and Arabia. The 'Arabi is of lighter build, and has a more drooping
tail; it is better adapted to plains and scorching winds, and its wool is
finer and of higher value. The Turki is of heavier build, more suitable to
the hills and the migratory habits of its owners; its wool is much
coarser; and its fat tail is rounder and better set up.
A certain amount of attention is given to the breeding of the sheep. Breeding,
more particularly to keeping the different breeds apart, and in the
districts most noted for lambskins great care is taken to prevent the
introduction of any other colour than black; it is no doubt mainly due to
this that black is the prevailing colour, although, where the wool is the
chief requirement, whites and greys are sought after. The rams get into
toe rutting humour twice a year; but, as a rule, they are only allowed to
come into contact with the ewes once a year, and that in the autumn.
Ihe skins of lambs born in the autumn are considered, by some people,
to be superior to those born in the spring; but, as a rule, the ewes are
made to lamb in the spring, when grass and food generally are
M JJ 6 ^ 0 ^ 0 0 f this Annexure on Persian sheep and goats was kindly supplied "by
h r K ^ c ^ arc * s ' Britannic Majesty's Vice-Consnl at Btlshebr, in 1906. (It
as been altered in parts so as to omit matters of temporary interest.)

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2345] (862/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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