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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2346] (863/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Work of the
In spring there is usually a good supply of green grass and otter
kinds of food ; and in summer, when the country is parched and dry, the
sheep are still able to find wild grass, wheat and barley stubble, wild
shoots, and fallen leaves from trees and shrubs, etc. During spring,
when sweet grass is plentiful, the sheep, to keep them in health, are
taken twice a week to graze on marshy ground or on soils where herbs
of saline character exist. This is also done to a certain extent in tbe
summer, the flocks being occasionally led over salty ground.
For water, in spring and the rainy months, the flocks are generally
taken twice a day to the nearest stream or pool; but in summer, when
these are diy, they have to be content with brackish water from wells,
wherever it can be obtained, and this, as a rule, only twice a day.
The tending or looking after flocks of sheep is not now a very
arduous task. In olden days, when wolves and wild animals were
plentiful^ the duties of a shepherd were by no means light; but, since the
introduction of the Martini and other rifles into the country, wolves and
other wild animals have practically disappeared, and the shepherd can
now allow his flock to roam about at pleasure, while he spends mos o
his time sleeping in a shady corner behind a rock, trusting to his dog o
wake him should it be necessary, and to his goats to lead the s eep o
grazing grounds near by.
The Persian sheep may be described as fairly immune from
but Gar J or scab exists, which is most prevalent in years of scarcity;
the cure for this affection is, along the sea coast, the application o s
or shark oil and, inland, of linseed and other oils. There is also ano er
disease of rather a formidable character, known amongst the na ives a
Abu Tabr ^ ^1 or "father of the axe, ^ which they take no means
to prevent or cure, as they believe that a sheep suffering from it is s r
by a devil; it generally appears when grass is plentiful, rhe s
all appearances may be in the best of health, when suddenly it wi
to coughing, whirl round frantically, and, in most cases, drop down
in a few minutes. There is less disease amongst sheep w ic
occasionally washed in the sea than amongst those which are not.
On an average a sheep will yield H to 3 Ibs.^ of wool. \ a -
distinct difference between the wool of the ^Arabi and that or tie
or Luri. The ^Arabi wool is the finer in quality, being long-stapi ,
very elastic, and of a silky texture ; this wool finds a fairly ready m
in England and on the Continent of Europe, where it is m0 ^ ^ rr^ki oi
the manufacture of the coarser kinds of woollen goods. Ihe ^ i
Luri wool is very coarse and locky, the staple being very straig , ,
shorter than the ^ Arabi; it has little or no elasticity and in tac P a ^
more of the nature of hair. This class of wool has hardly any ,
woollen floods and wiU ^
Europe, as it is not used for manufacturing ww— & ^ lg
even serve for carpets; it generally finds its way to Bombay, wne
said to be mixed with other wools. By far the greater part or^
produced in the districts on the Karun is of the Turki or Lun^va^ ^
The difference in the quality of the wools is attributed by some
different pastures and mode of living of the two classes of sheep.
Arab sheep, living on the plains, gets better food and has not to be
tantly on the move; whereas the Turki is always marching wl

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2346] (863/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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