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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2347] (864/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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owners and has to pick up what pasturage it can g-et on the
roau while its food consists chiefly of oak leaves and lichen^ found on
the mountain sides. As regards the wool of the crossbred sheep^ this is
inferior to that of the "'Arabi, but superior to that of the Turki. It can
be used for carpet making and is exported largely to America, where it
enters under a low duty scale, while the better class ^Arabi wool has to
pay a higher duty. A demand for this quality of wool has thus been
created and is no doubt inducing the rearing of crossbreeds.
The shearing season commences in March and continues till May.
White and grey wools are the least obtained, and black and dark shades
are the most plentiful.
Persia is famous for its lambskins, which find a large outlet into
Russia; these more generally come from the sheep of the highlands. As
the essential feature of the lamVs wool is the fineness and compactness
of the curl, an indiscriminate slaughter is effected of lambs of ages vary
ing from the moment of birth to about a fortnight old. In some places
the barbaric system still exists of killing the ewes just a day or so before
they should give birth, in order to get the lamb without the damage
caused to the curl by parturition; in such cases the skin is worth twice
the average price. The destruction of lambs in Persia, until a short
time ago, was so great that an appreciable decrease in the number of
sheep was felt all over the country, affecting even the carpet-weaving
industry. Government legislation has since been introduced to arrest
this wholesale slaughter, but it is doubtful whether it has had much
Sheepskins in an untanned state are regularly exported to India, Sheepskins,
where they are used to make up cheap country leather; and a certain
number go to the Continent. The tanned skins generally find their way
north, and are considered by some to be of very superior quality; they
are largely used in the country itself, but a fair number are exported to
One sheep will produce from 1 to lbs. of milk a day ; this is Dairy pro-
generally made into cheese or into Mast ,—the latter a kind of curds duce.
and whey—, both of which are greatly appreciated by natives and by
some Europeans, M ast being a very refreshing drink after a hot and
dusty journey.
After pigeon manure that of the sheep is the most prized in Persia Manure,
by agriculturists, who utilize it especially for the cultivation of melons
and other vegetables and of fruits.
It is a matter of opinion which kind of sheep is the better for Meat,
eating j the 'Arabi, when ready for the butcher, weighs from 20 to 50
lbs., and the Turki or Luri from 30 to 70 lbs.
These are largely exported to the Continent, principally to Hamburg, Entrails,
where they find a ready market.
These also are exported to the Continent, but not in very great Bones,
Generally speaking, the rearing of sheep is a lucrative business. Pr * lces -
The average price of a ewe is from 25 to 30 Qrans. The wool and
dairy products of a ewe bring in form 10 to 15 Qrans per annum, and a

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2347] (864/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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