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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2357] (874/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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a mosque in tlie vicinity of Najaf. Other serines of minor importance
associated with the names of members of the Imam family are those
of Abnl Qasim, a son of the Imam Hasan^ and of Saiyid Ibrahim^ a
gonof the Imam Musa, both near Musaiyib • also those of Hamzah and
Jasim, a son and grandson respectively of the Imam Musa, situated
some miles to the eastward of Hillah, and those of Ibn-al-Hasan, the
Banat -al- Hasan and Ibn-al-Hamzah, in the neighbourhood of Tawainj.
The management of the Shfah shrines in ^Iraq is vested in the Administra-
Auqaf or Turkish Department of Religious Endowments, by whom the
custodians and attendants are paid and, it would seem, appointed. At Venues oT
each of the principal shrines, viz., that of ; Ali at Najaf, those of Husain the shrines,
and 'Abbas at Karbala, that of Kadhimain and, apparently, that of
Samarrah, there is a Custodian, called the Kiliddar or Key
Keeper, a Sarkhidmah or Chief Attendant and a variable number
of Khadims or Attendants; the staff at Samarrah are reported to
be Sunnis. The salary of a Custodian is 500 gold piastres (about
£4-10-0) a month, of a Chief Attendant 80 gold piastres (about 145.
U) a month, and of an Attendant (if paid) 25 gold piastres (about
fa. 6d.} a month; but the KiHddar of Najaf is one of the richest
men in Turkish 'Iraq. Paid Attendants number 15 at each of the great
shrines of Karbala and at the shrines of Najaf and Kadhimain ; and there
are also 950 Attendants at Karbala, 250 at Najaf and 30 at Samarrah,
whose existence, though they are unpaid, seems to be officially recogni
sed. For. the finances and accounts of the shrines, which are supported
partly by large endowments in the shape of lands, houses and shops,
and partly by special donations and contributions, the Auqaf are
responsible; and the sacred treasures of the shrines also, consisting
largely of jewellery and objects made from the precious metals, of which
the items and value are not known even approximately to outsiders, are
in charge of the officials of the Department, by whom they are
periodically checked and examined. Registers of donations are kept
by the Kiliddars under the supervision of the Auqaf. It is stated that
the treasures of the shrines may be drawn on for a defensive war against
infidels, but only under a general agreement of the Mujtahids, or by
order of the Sultan of Turkey. The Persian Government make ^ an
annual grant of 3,000 Tumans to the Kiliddars of Karbala for lighting,
another of 2,000 Tumans to the Kiliddar of Najaf for the general
maintenance of 'Ali's tomb, and a third of 1,250 Tumans to the Kilid
dar of Kadhimain,
SM'ali shrines in the Gulf outside 'Iraq.
In the Gulf region, the interest of Shi'ahs being almost altogether
monopolised by the sacred places in 'Iraq just enumerated, there are
few other Shi'ah shrines of importance; but mention may be made ot
Shah Abul Shah in the Hindiyan district on the Persian coast, which
is dedicated to Shaikh 'Abdullah, a brother of Ar-Ridha, the eight i
Imam. Petty shrines are numerous and are generally either Imamzadehs
or Qadamgahs, the former being apparently actual tombs, an c
latter cenotaphs, of members of the family of the Imams,

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2357] (874/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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