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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2359] (876/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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( I? ;
the years cited about three-fourths of the pilgrims arrived via Khanaqin
a nd most of the remainder vid Basrah. In the cold weather of 1904-05
the pilgrims from abroad arriving at Basrah were as follows : —
Oofcober 1904
November „
December „
January 1906
February „
March „
Very few pilgrims from abroad land at Basrah during the other months
of the year. In 1877-78 the Persian pilgrims embarking at Bushehr for
; Iraq numbered about 2,500. The number of Indians included among
the pilgrims arriving annually at Basrah is large, and a very considerable
proportion of them are Bohrahs.
A pilgrim, at his visit to one of the great Shi^ah shrines in ^Iraq, first Ceremonies
purifies himself by means of certain prescribed ablutions • he then performed by
enters the sacred precincts, generally under the guidance of an Attendant. 1)1 S rims -
At the threshold of the shrine proper he asks the permission of the
saint to approach. Having passed in, he recites some prayers and
circumambulates the grave three times, kissing the railings and repeating
prayers; finally he prostrates himself twice before the tomb. Those
pilgrims who are rich enough, and who desire to obtain additional merit,
engage Mullas to read the Quran and to recite the story of the
martyrdom of Husain, etc.; they also distribute alms and food to the
poor, and make offerings of money and jewellery to the shrine. Such at
least is the procedure followed at the shrine of Husain at Karbala. The
prayers said in the precincts are both Du% or voluntary prayers, offered
here in the name of ^Ali or of Husain, and Namaz or the ordinary fixed
prayers which are prescribed for particular times of the days. The act
of visiting the shrine is called Ziyarat The pilgrims provide
themselves, especially at Karbala, with rosaries, with Turbahs sjy
or the tablets of sacred earth on which Shr'ahs press their foreheads in
prostrating themselves at prayer, and with shrouds for the future use of
themselves or their friends, stamped or inscribed with texts from the
Quran. After visiting the holy places a pilgrim is entitled to use the
title of " Karbalai."
Although, as already mentioned, there is no stated time or season for Auspicious
the performance of the Shi-'ah pilgrimages, certain days of the d ays for
Muhammadan year are accounted more auspicious than others for the
purpose. Kajafand
Auspicious days for visiting the shrine of 'Ali at Najaf are the Karbala.
7th Safar, the anniversary of the death of Hasan, the eldest son of
27th Safar, the anniversary of the death of Ar-Ridha, the eighth
Imam, believed by the Shi^ahs to have been poisonedr

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This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2359] (876/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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