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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2361] (878/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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9fcli Dliul Hijjajlij known as ^ArataTi y the day on which,
pilgrin^ to Makkah visit the Mount of ^Arafat.*
10th Dhul Hijjah, known as the ^Id-al-Adhha ^ the
annirersaiy of the attempted sacrifice of IshfUdd——for so
MuAammadans hold—by Abraham. >
Consecrated Shrah cemeteries and burial of Shi'ahs in Iraq.
Every Shfah desires to repose after death in sacred ground at one of
the holy places in ''Iraq, for he believes that he will receive, in the Day
of Judgment, the protection of the saint whose tomb his own grave
adjoins. The principal consecrated nemeteries of ^Iraq—outside the
precincts of shrines themselves in which also burials take place—-are, in
order of importance, the following: the Wadi A seasonal or intermittent watercourse, or the valley in which it flows. -as-Salam or "Vale of
Peace/' at Najaf; the Wadi A seasonal or intermittent watercourse, or the valley in which it flows. -al-Aiman or "Vale of Security," at
Karbala; the Maqabir-al-Quraish, at Kadhimain; and Tarmah
at Samarrah. The last is little used. The bodies of Shi'ahs dying in
Persia are often placed in a bricked-up room or vault until they become
desiccated, and are then sent to 'Iraq by caravan, in wooden coffins
covered with thick felt, for interment at one of the places mentioned above.
On arrival at their destination the bodies are publicly washed before
burial,—a proceeding very dangerous to the public health and one which
may in part explain the frequency of severe epidemics in 'Iraq, especially
at Najaf. A pack animal with a coffin slung on each side is one of the
commonest objects encountered by a cold-weather traveller on his way
from Karbala to Baghdad; and he will be fortunate if he has not to
share the caravansarai where he halts with some relics of mortality*
The expense, including fees payable to the Turkish Government, of
transporting a Shi'ah corpse from Kirmanshah to Karbala varies from
35 to 70 Tumans or, -at present rates, from £6 to £12 English.
Dishonest muleteers are said sometimes to throw bodies committed to
their care into the river Diyalah and to embezzle the funds with which
they have been entrusted for burial expenses j and various pecuniary
extortions are practised by the Killddars and other officials at the holy
places in connection with the interment of bodies. A few Shi''ah corpses
for burial are brought from India by sea. The number of Shi'ah bodies
buried at the holy places in 1889 and 1890 was officially estimated as
Bodies of Persian
Bodies of Ottoman
* According to an enthusiastic Shi'ab, if a man purify himself in the Euphrates
oh this day and walk to Karbala before noon, he gains merit, for every step taken by
tne w&y, equal to that acquired by 60,000 or 70,000 pilgric\ageg to Makkah.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2361] (878/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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