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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2364] (881/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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in Turkish 'Iraq, they exercise strong political influence, sometimes in
opposition to the established government of the country The recogni
tion of an individual as a Mujtahid is unregulated by any fixed
principle; the chief factor seems to be public opinion. Diplomas ot
litihad known as liazahs are conferred on aspirants by
Muitahids who have already received recognition ; but the mere possess
ion of such a document is not enough to establish the holder as a
.,, **»**>
their influence tn-rfominate., Per ':? v^heT m
and Karbala. Shi'ah world, over that of all other Mujtahlds C ® 1 „ the
sometimes spoken of as the 'Atabah ^ or "Threshold, ttogh^he
term refers properly to the Shrines at which they reside. Instances m
Which the political power of this body has been felt, one of w ic ° < !' :u | 1 ®
In 1903-04: will be' found in the history o Turkish 'Iraq, and will hj
to explain why the Mujtahids of Na]af and Karbala are ^ijed Jy ^
Turks with dislike and distrust. With some of the M ]
Government of India, through their Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. ^
have relations, arising from a fund known as the Ou In q conB ec-
which an account is given m the history of Turkish ^ • tances
tion with a reform of the Oudh Bequest arrangemen s ^cwmarch,
of the Muitahids were very carefully investigated by Majoi n c\
M mSSm at BnghU in l»Vo3 ,
enquiry Maior Newmarch arrived at the conclusion tljat the ]
of Najaf and Karbala then numbered in reality not more than
of the first
of the second
of the third
Major Newmarch. remarked that even
from wliicli
ewmarch remarked mat even Lno nnrnT ; r eliensive;
ich these figures are taken, appeared to be o ^disputed
4- T-oolifxr nnlv fhosft Muitahids enioyed ai n
authority and title as such whom he had shown as of t t o{ i n dia
was stated by some petitioners, in addressing the Uovermu
about the same time, that there were at Najaf over 2, i wev er exag-
over 200 persons holding diplomas as Mujtahids; anu, con j unc tion
gerated this statement may have been, it serves to snow, -^yiduals
with the Resident's investigations, that the number ^ nun iber
holding certificates as Mujtahids is at least tai in. exce
generally recognised as such. . and Karbala
The following are the names of the Mujtahids at N a] Oudh
who in April 190(5 were in receipt of allowances irom
Haji Shaikh 'Abdullah, Mazandarani (1).
Saiyid Muhammad Hasan, Sahib Jawahiri (III)*

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2364] (881/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 December 2023]

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