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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2404] (921/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Anglo-Turkish Convention for working the whole line,
3rd September 1864.
J unction of
telegraph at
intended to
Matters of
account and
In connection with the Turkish land lines it only remains to
summarise a Telegraphic Convention concluded between the British and
Turkish Governments on the 3rd of September 186^ largely through
the exertions of Colonel P. Stewart at Constantinople.
This document, which superseded the Agreement of 1863^ provided
for the construction and maintenance by the Indian and Ottoman
Governments respectively^ at their own expense, of (1) a submarine cable
from British India to Fao, touching at Bushehr and (2) of land lines from
Baghdad to connect with the cable at Fao and with the Persian telegraph
system at Khanaqm. At Fao a joint Anglo-Turkish office was to be
established under the general control of the Ottoman administration;
but the British section of the office was to be exempt from Turkish
interference in internal matters. The British staff, the strength of
which was not to exceed 50_, were to inhabit the same building as the
Turkish; but the space and apparatus allotted to the two were to
remain entirely distinct, and telegrams for transmission were to be
exchanged through a window. The general expenses of the station were
to be divided equally between the two governments, and the Britisli
staff were to be paid by the British Government.
To ensure punctuality in working, the Turkish Government was to
establish a permanent service, i.e.j a continuous night and day service^ at
Baghdad and Fao and at a majority of the stations on the line between
Constantinople and Fao ; and a staff possessing a knowledge of the
English language was to be appointed to these. An office devoted
exclusively to the transmission of Indian messages was to be establislied
at Constantinople and manned by employes thoroughly conversant with
English. One wire between Constantinople and Fao was to be reserved
for Indian traffic; and, in case of a breakdown, its place was to he
temporarily taken by the other, subject to certain conditions. Messages
to and from India might be forwarded indifferently by the Fao or the
Khanaqm route.
Tariff and methods of account were fixed by the Convention; and
the Indian^ Government were empowered to appoint a delegate to reside
at Constantinople, the Turkish Government on its part being similai y
entitled to a representative at the headquarters of the Indian Telegraphs,
a stipulation under which the Indo-European Telegraph Departmen-
now maintain an Agent at Constantinople, but of which the Porte have
not taken advantage"^.
1869 ^ en the traffic accounts with the Turkish Government
were setUed at Constantinople, the British telegraph representative there was a Com
London 61, ' a in 4. ' tlle settlement of accounts having been tr an ^ e . r ^ -
at Go mi t a ^ A f nfc , l was . su bstituted for the Commissioner and tin? eBtablishment
at Constantinople otherwise reduced.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2404] (921/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 7 December 2023]

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