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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2407] (924/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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the Persian telegraphs. By the end of January 1865 direct commun5^
cation had been established between Tehran and Baghdad; but the
Turkish operators at first refused to receive messages coming from the
Persian side.
On the Tehran-Bushehr section the working of the new line was
for some months obstructed^, and at one time altogether prevented^ by
the opposition of Persian officialdom. The Persian Minister of Public
Works at Tehran caused an instrument at Shiraz which was under
the control of British operators to be disconnected in order to prevent
their holding communication with Bushehr^ and on a protest being
made by Major Champain, the British Director^ against the issue of
such orders without any reference to himself, the wire between Shiraz
and Bushehr was actually cut under the orders of the Minister^ and at
Isfahan the Persian authorities attempted to take forcible possession
of the apparatus in charge of the British employes at that place.
The Director thereupon ordered the removal of the instruments from
Shiraz and Isfahan^ caused those at Tehran to be disconnected^ and
referred the whole dispute for diplomatic settlement. The result was
satisfactory. The Persian Government apologised for the action of
their officials at Isfahan_, and agreed that, while the Persian Minister
of Public W orks should continue to be regarded as the head of al]
telegraphs in Persia^ he should issue no instructions affecting the
Tehran-Bushehr and Tehran-Khanaqin lines without the cognisance
and consent of the British Director. It was arranged that from the
date of resumption of communication with India the control of the
telegraph offices and the working of the lines should remain in the
tands of the British staff for a period of 5 months^ on the expiration
of which it should be transferred to the Persian staff ; only one British
Engineer officer and two assistants being thereafter retained at Tehran^
in a consultative capacity^ for a farther period of 10 months.
The political difficulties were thus finally removed; but it was
now found thai, in the interval during which communication between
Shiraz and Bushehr had been suspended^ very serious damage had been
done to that section of the line by villagers and travellers^ and by the
Iliyat (or nomadic Persian tribes) in migrating from their summer
seats in the hills to their winter quarters near the coast. Over a space
of 20 miles between Shiraz and the Kutal-i-Dukhtar the line had been
almost totally destroyed; many of the poles had been removed
and used for firewood; the wire itself had been cut into pieces or thrown
down; and out of BOO consecutive insulators only 20 remained intact.
Part of the damage was attributed to the misbehaviour and bad example
of a Kashkai chief named 'Ali Khan Baig, who himself broke an
insulator by a shot from his gun. The Persian Government^ whose
misunderstanding with the British telegraph officials had by this time
been adjusted^ ordered the condign punishment of the offenders ; and
ttie measures taken resulted in the arrest of ; Ali Khan Baig, who was
kept in durance for two months and was not released until he
jiad disgorged 1/J00 Tumans by way of fine and ) ^500 Tumans more
in bribes to the persons employed for his punishment. Before this
salutary example had been made., however ; the amount of damage done
Friction with
the Persian
mischief by

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2407] (924/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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