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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2412] (929/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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over the bar of the Shatt-al-^Arab and so up the river to Fao ; but the
shallowness of the water on the bar would have exposed it to the risk of
injury from passing vessels and from the anchors of native craft, and it
was accordingly determined to deflect it for a short distance up Khor
'Abdullah and to carry it thence over or through the great mud flats to
This proved to be the most difficult operation in the whole work of
laying the cable. The Assayed which had left Eishehr on the af
ternoon of the 26th March; arrived soon after dawn on the following
day at the entrance of Khor ■'Abdullah and was towed up that inlet
paying out her cable in a depth of water considerably greater than would
have been obtained had the Shatt-al-^Arab route been adopted. On the
evening of the 27th the vessels anchored^ in 5 fathoms, at a point in
Khor "'Abdullah due south of Fao. Daylight revealed terra firma at a
distance of some 10 miles to the northward^ and subsequent observations
showed that 3 or 4 miles of the intervening belt consisted of level,
semi-liquid mud to which a further extent of or 2 miles was added
at low water^ while off; the foreshore the water was so shallow that not
even small boats could approach, in any state of the tide, within half a
mile of the uncovered portion. At the first arrival of the vessels the
weather was favourable, but before the operations were completed a
strong south-east wind arose^ which drove the sea inland for a consider
able distance over the fiats and greatly increased the difficulty of the
landing operations. On the 28th of March Colonel Stewart, Sir
C. Bright and Colonel Goldsmid left Khor "'Abdullah in the " Victoria
and, crossing the bar of the Shatt-al-'Arab, entered the river and steam
ed up to Fao where the R.LM.S. "Comet/' with Mr. Consul
Johnstone from Basrah on b oard, was found at anchor.
After an inspection of the ground between Fao and K hor ; Abdullah
it was decided to dig a trench 2| feet deep from Fao for upwards of 8a
miles to the landing place on Khor ; Abdullah and to lay the cable in it.
For this purpose the requisite amount of cable was cut into lengths and
brought ashore from the " Comet" at a place on the bank of
the Shatt-al-'Arab, a mile to the south of Fao, whence it was dragged
by dint of great exertions to the trench that had been prepared. The
labourers were Arabs from both sides of the Shatt-al-'Arab, a wild
and somewhat unmanageable crew, but under Colonel Goldsmids
skilful guidance this portion of the work was completed in ten
days between the 30th of March and the 8th of April, the number
of the workmen increasing from about 200 at the commencement ot
operations to over 350 upon the last day. On the 5th of April a
cable was brought ashore from the iC Amberwitch/' lying as close in*
shore as she could in Khor ; Abdullah, was carried as far as possible land
wards in small boats, and was stretched by manual labour over the re
mainder of the distance. The " Amberwitch " then steamed off; paying"
out the rest of the cable as she went; to the spot where the end of the
cable from Bushehr had been dropped by the " Assaye ; ^ and the two
were spliced together.
A fault which occurred between Khor 'Abdullah and Biishehr on the
29th of March had been located on the 1st and remedied on the 2nd o

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2412] (929/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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