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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2413] (930/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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April; and so, on the Sth of April 1864, communicatioa was opened
between Fao and India. The gaps, however, which existed in the alter
native Turkish and Persian lines in the neighbourhood of Qurnah and
Rhanaqm respectively, still prevented direct communication between
India and Europe.
A cable supplementary to the land line between Gwadar and Karachi
was successfully laid under the superintendence of Mr. Webb, between
the 28th of April and the 15th of May 1864, from Gwadar to Cape
Monze (Ras Munazi), whence a land line, 24 miles in length, had been
constructed to Karachi. The cable ships employed on this duty were
the <f Assaye " and u Cospatrick''' , assisted by the steamers a Zenobia ^
Amberwitch " and " Sind.^ Here we may add that in November
1864, the cable having been chafed through in rocky ground ofP Cape
Monze, the land line was abolished and the cable was carried direct to
Manorah , whence it was prolonged by a short land line to the Karachi
office; and that finally, in June 1866, this short line was replaced by a
harbour cable.
The Gulf cable of 1864 was probably one of the best ever manufac
tured : its guttapercha was found to be in excellent preservation after
20 years of submersion. Interruptions have been due for the most part
to friction on bad ground, to decay of the iron guards, to the attacks of
teredos, to stabs of sword-fish and to the bites of other fish, and one was
occasioned by the struggles of a whale which became entangled in the
cable between Gwadar and Karachi and was drowned. The total cost
of this cable was £411,751 or about £358 per nautical mile.
cable laid
from Gwadar
to Karachi,
Quality of
the 1864
Completion of the Indo-European system of telegraphs, 1864-65,
After finishing his work in the Gulf, Colonel Stewart visited
Baghdad in hopes of accelerating the completion of the land line between
Basrah and Baghdad, which, as before related, was delayed by political
complications; but his visit had no immediate result. Colonel Stewart
returned to India from Baghdad in April 1864, and soon afterwards
left Bombay for Constantinople, where he arrived in July. He was
joined there in August by Colonel F. Ooldsmid, already mentioned, who
had come from the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. by way of Turkish 'Iraq and Asia
M inor, inspecting the Turkish land line by the way. Colonel Stewart
remained at Constantinople, engaged in promoting the interests of the
Indo-European telegraph, until the end of the year, when he was taken
seriously ill. He passed away on the 16th of January 1865 at the
early age of 32, worn out by the mental and physical strain of the pre
ceding two years and by the effects of numerous illnesses and accidents.
Colonel Stewart was an officer who commanded in the highest degree
the confidence of his superiors and affectionate loyalty of his
On the 2 7th of January 1865, or less than a fortnight after Colonel
Stewart's death, the Indo-European line was completed and a message
Death of
Stewart at
nople, I6th
Opening of
the line, 27th

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2413] (930/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 9 December 2023]

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