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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2422] (939/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Goldsmid and Colonel Glover ; R.E., on behalf of the Indo-European and
the Indian Telegraph Departments respectively.
The principal results of the Conference, so far as the Indo-Europeaa
Telegraph Department and Company were concerned^ were a marked
reduction of the Indo-European tariff and the application of that tariff
to eight recognised routes, five of which were a Indo-Ottoman 3) passing
through Fao ; and three a Russo-Persian 93 passing through Bushehr. Of
the first group, one route traversing Turkey, Servia, Austria, Switzerland
and France was recommended by the Conference for Indo -European
business ; a ad the countries interested accordingly entered into a Conven
tion among themselves for its special utilization.
In 1869, the state of through communication being still far from
perfect, the Director-in-Chief of Indo-European telegraphs moved the
Director of the Telegraph Office at Berne, who had^ been nominated
by the Vienna Conference to be referee and secretary in such matters,
to circularise the different powers adhering to the Vienna Conven
tion. Satisfactory replies were received from a majority of the govern
ments addressed ; but Turkey, the real defaulter, while making many
fair professions and attempting to cast the blame of her own snor -
comings upon other governments, continued to block the way of retorm.
With effect from the 1st of January 1869 the tariff, which in 1868
was £5-0-0 per 20 words bv the Turkish and by the reisian
route, was reduced to £2-17-0 per 20 words and £1-10-0 per 10 words
upon both lines.
Political and general history of the Indo-European TelegrapK
Department and Company, 1868-1904.
Control of In 1863 the Government of Bombay From c. 1668-1858, the East India Company’s administration in the city of Bombay [Mumbai] and western India. From 1858-1947, a subdivision of the British Raj. It was responsible for British relations with the Gulf and Red Sea regions. had been invested with u
the Depart- responsibility for the telegraph operations in Turkish ; lraq and
ferred toThe Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ; and this arrangement continued until 1871, when ^
Government control of the Indo-European Telegraph Department was, wit
of India, sanction of the Secretary of State, transferred from the G overnmen
1871. Bombay to the Government of India. .
v i r tual The Convention of 1864 with Turkey was not made for any
abandonment period and is still in force. The working of the Turkish line con ! lll ii v
Turkish inefficient after 1868 ; and from 1871 the Turkish route was P rac 1 ^ re _
route, 1871. abandoned for international service, the bulk of the traffic being
after divided between the competing Red Sea and Kusso-Persian sys e •
Between 1865 and 1873 the average time taken by messages be w
Lonaun ana jvaracm decreased on the Kusso-Persian line from l A
5 hours and 5 minutes, to 3 hours and 9 minutes, whereas on the ^
line the improvement was from 6 days 8 hours and 44 minutes o
hours and 12 minutes only. So lately as 1904-05 the interrup 1011
the Turkish line between Fao and Constantinople amounted ^ ri , ^
course of the year to more than 65 days, against a total of 1 day ^

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2422] (939/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 July 2024]

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