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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2426] (943/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Grrowth of
systems and
of traflSc.
line opened
per word on the non-Turkish routes ; from the 1st of July 1886, after
a Conference at Berlin in 1885, it was reduced to 5-00 and 4*50 francs
per word; from the 1st of March 1902 it was still further reduced to
2^. 6i. per word; and on the 1st of August 1905 it underwent a final
reduction to %s. by the Suez or Tehran and Is. 10d. by the Turkish
route. The two last reductions were made under a guarantee that the
Government of India would bear a share in such loss of revenue as might
result during a period of 10 years.
After the completion of what may be called the first through cable
between India and Europe in 1870, second and third cables were provided,
a section at a time, between Suez and Bombay, the whole triplicate
system being finally perfected in 1902.
The table below explains the distribution of the Indian traffic over
these lines by percentages taken at three different periods :—
Eed Sea
Of trans-Indian traffic, 97'53 per cent, is now carried by the Suez line,
2-08 by the Tehran line, and only 0*39 by the Baghdad line.
It may be noted here, though the enterprise was a purely Persian one
and had no direct connection with the operations of the Indo -European
Telegraph Department, that a system of telegraph lines connecting
Ahwaz in 'Arabistan with Dizful, Shushtar and Muhammareh in the
same province, was completed in August 1891, and was connected, early
in 1892, with Burazjan on the Bushehr-Shiraz line of the Indo -European
Telegraph Department by a wire from Ahwaz passing via Kamuz, Ben-
behan, Dilam and Rig. An attempt had previously been made by tne
Persian Government, in 1878, to connect Shushtar telegraphically with
Tehran by way of Dizful. In May 1892 the Persian Telegraph Office at
Muhammareh was undermined by the tide and collapsed. The 'Arabistan
system of Persian Telegraphs is maintained, however, to the present day,
but the working is inefficient, and long interruptions of communication
are of frequent occurrence.
Modifications of the telegraph system in the Gulf, 1869-1907.
Bushehr to
Alterations and extensions of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. telegraphs, sin
their general completion in 1869, have not been many ; but some oi
have been important.
The telegraph office at Bushehr was at first in the town, and was
connected with the landing-place at Eishehr by an aerial line 7 ^ 66 "J
length. In February 1865 a double-cored shore-end was subs i u ed
between Bushehr and Bishehr, but the insulation was defective, an it

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2426] (943/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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