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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2427] (944/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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was replaced in November 1865 by a single-cored shore-end landed at
Bushehr, Finally, m November 1877, the cable was once more landed at
Rishehr and the telegraph office was removed to that place from
In January 1877 the cable-house on Hanjam was shifted from its
original site_, at some distance inland^ and brought down to the water*'s
edge. In 18b0 the station on Hanjam^ having* become superfluous for
technical reasons through the introduction of more sensitive instru
ments; was closed on the 11th of December; and early in 1881 the
cable was replaced in the fair-way of the Gulf to the south of the island,
the ends having been during the interim directly connected in the
The first Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. cable having, in 1884, become unserviceable
between Jashk and Bushehr, and the second cable, that of 1869, having
at the same time shown signs of deterioration, it was resolved to replace
the former by a new cable. The material arrived at Jashk on the 13th
and 14th of November 1885 on board the steamers Dacia^ and
" International" belonging to the Company by which the cable had
been manufactured. The work of laying began from the Inter
national ; on the 15th of November 1885 under the supervision of
Sir John Bateman Champain, Birector-in-Chief, and early on the 17th
the whole of the cable carried by the (c International 33 had been sub
merged. Operations were resumed by the f ' Daciaon the afternoon
of the same day, and the final connection was made at Eishehr on the
evening of the 20th of November. The cable-laying steamers were
piloted in their course by the Indo-European Telegraph Department's
vessel Patrick Stewart " ; but, through an error in the charts, several
knots of cable were laid from the " Dacia" on the 18th of November
across a 17 fathom patch, from which they were subsequently removed
into deeper water on the 29th of March 1887.
The new Jashk-Bushehr cable was of guttapercha and cost £76,702
or about £145 a knot.
In September 1893 Gwadar was abolished as a telegraph station
and the cable was joined up at sea between Karachi and J ashk. In
October 1894 the Gwadar station was re-established, but only as an office
on the land line. In the interim telephonic connection had been main
tained for the benefit of the British Agent at Gwadar, with Ormarah and
Chahbar; but the substituted service proved unsatisfactory, and this
was the main reason for the re-opening of the telegraph office.
The inadequacy of communication between Masqat and the outside
world had more than once formed the subject of official discussions in
India; but it was reserved for Lord Curzon to take, as Viceroy, the first
practical steps for remedying the situation.
In 1879 Saiyid Turki, Sultan of Masqat^ had expressed a desire that
Ms capital should be brought into connection with India by telegraph,
and the matter was considered by the Government of India; but their
decision, in view of the expensiveness of the project and the slenderness
0 f the naval and military advantages then to be derived from it, was
ment of
Eelajing of
the cable of
1864 bet
ween Jashk
and Bushehr
in 1885.
ment of
Gwadar as a
cable station,
The Jashk-
Masqat cable
laid, 1899-

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2427] (944/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 13 July 2024]

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