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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2429] (946/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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co -operation was requested and was obtained. The work was finished
and communication established on the 26th of November 1901. From
the first the gross receipts of the Masqat office exceeded the estimate
which had been formed and in the first four months after the opening*
of the line they amounted to about Rs. 6,000, w^hile they are now on the
average about Rs. 14,600 per annum. The actual cost of the enterprise
was Rs. 6,21,453.
In accordance with Captain Cox^s suggestion, the Government of
India, at the same time that they recommended the laying of a cable
to Masqat, proposed the extension of the Gulf Telegraphs to Bandar
; Abbas by looping one of the existing cables between Jashk and Rishehr
into the Bandar ^Abbas bay. As in the case of the Masqat cable Her
Majesty^s Government approved of the scheme, but were unable to give
any financial assistance; and the Government of India, partly in the
hope that this unfavourable decision might be modified, and partly on
account of technical doubts as to the best mode of effecting the junction
with Bandar 'Abbas, temporarily laid the project aside. It may be noted
that in 1898-94 the Persian Government had themselves been anxious
that Bandar ^Abbas should be brought into the telegraphic system, and
that a survey for a land line from Jashk was attempted, but was aban
doned owing to obstruction in Bashakard.
Early in 1902 the Naval Commander-in-Chief on the East Indian
station suggested the opening of a telegraph station at Basidu; and in
1903 the Government of India approached the Secretary of State with
fresh proposals regarding an extension to Bandar ^Abbas. They now
recommended that telegraphic communication should in the first instance
be restored with the, old station on Han jam, in order to secure a point of
communication situated on the fair-way of the Gulf, at no great distance
from its mouth and easily accessible to the ships of the Royal Navy.
At the same time they suggested various modes of linking Hanjam with
Bandar ^Abbas, giving the preference to one which involved a land line
across Qishm island; the existence of this line would, it was argued,
increase the influence of the British Government in Qishm, where the
station of Basidu was already a British possession. It was estimated
that an all-cable connection would cost £18,539, while one including a
land section on Qishm could be constructed for £11,835. Some delay
occurred through the Admiralty expressing a preference for Basidu, as the
site of the new station, over Hanjam; and the question was not
finally decided until after Lord Curzon^s visit to the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. at the
end of 1903, in the course of which the Viceroy personally investigated
upon the spot the relative merits of the two places. While at Bandar
Abbas, His Excellency received a request from the Indian mercantile
community for an extension of the telegraph to that place; and the
Salar-i-Mu^azzam, the Persian Governor of the Gulf Ports, privately
supported the suggestion. On his return to India Lord Curzon advocat
ed the claims of Hanjam as being superior for general purposes to Basidu,
and this view in the end obtained universal acceptance.
It remained to devise means for overcoming the opposition to the
scheme which was anticipated on the part of Persia. After some
discussion it was decided to re-open the station on Hanjam without
The Hanjam
diversion and
with Bandar
1904 -05.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2429] (946/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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