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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2431] (948/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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the Persian Ministry of Telegraphs to be worked by a Persian
staff. The objections of the Shah to control of the Hanjam end
of the new line by British telegraphists proved insnperable,, and it
was found necessary to include in the agreement a stipulation that there
should be a separate Persian office at Hanjam and that telegrams should
be transferred at Hanjam between the two offices ; it was, however,
settled that, if the British Government desired it, a British signaller
should be allowed to deal at Bandar J Abbas with all British state
messages received at or despatched from that place. With the exception
of this signaller and of the employes of the Indo-European Telegraph
Department whom it might be necessary ^to engage for the maintenance
and repair of the line, the Persian Government bound themselves to
employ none but Persian subjects on the staff.
The extension was forthwith carried out in accordance with the terms
of this agreement, and communication between Hanjam and the shore
at Bandar ^Abbas was established on the 31st of December 1905 ; but,
in consequence of difficulties as to the position of the cable-house
and office raised by the Persian Government on the advice of M. Stas,
the Belgian Director of Persian Customs at Bandar ; Abbas, the line had
not as yet in April 1907 been opened for public business. Meanwhile
the shore-end remained under the control of the Indo-European Telegraph
The Central Persian land line, 1898-1907.
In June 1898 a scheme was proposed in London by Mr. B. T.
Ffinch, Director-in-Chief of the Indo-European Telegraph Department,
which, having, been adopted in principle by Her Majesty^s Government,
promised shortly to revolutionise the existing Indo-Persian system of
telegraphs and to render obsolete the achievements of the past,
particularly in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .
In 1883, when the first cable laid between Jashk and Bushehr began Bear
to wear out, the substitution of a land line was suggested between Jashk SG0 P e ^
and Shiraz ; and a reconnaissance was accordingly made in January-March VY0 ^
1884 by Mr. J. R. Preece, an officer of the Indo-European Telegraph
Department, of the whole route from the latter to the former of these
two places. Eventually it was decided to negative the scheme ; and the
old cable was, as we have seen, replaced by a new one in 1885.
In 1898, both the cables in the Gulf now approaching the period at
which their reliability might be expected to fail, the same problem arose
again in an altered shape and on a more important scale. Experience
had proved that the ordinary life of a cable in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. was
about 15 years only ; the maintenance of the land line between Karachi
and Jashk was difficult and expensive, because of its proximity to the sea
and the consequent extreme dampness of the atmosphere j and the line to
Europe through Turkish ''Iraq, which the first Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. cable had
been mainly intended to serve, was still so inefficiently worked in the

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2431] (948/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 December 2023]

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