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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2432] (949/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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sian Conven
tion for con-
16th August
TurMsh dominions as to be practically useless. On the other hand
.British 13aluciiistan had been greatly developed during the preceding 20
years^ and recently a direct trade route had been brought into existence
between Quetta ancl Sistan. These circumstances^ taken together^ indi
cated the desirability of transferring telegraphic business from the sub
marine Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. route, circuitous in relation to Persia though not to
1 urkish Iraq, to some more northerly and direct land line between
India and Persia.
Mr. Ffinch s proposal was, in effect, that the land line from Karachi
to Jashk and one of the cables from Jashk to Bushehr should be
abolished on communication being established between Europe and India
by way of Central Persia; that the material of the abandoned cable
should be used for the repair of the remaining one from Karachi via
Jashk and Bushehr to Jao; and that ultimately cable communication in
the Gulf might be done away with altogether, as also the Jashk station
and the telegraph steamer, the line between Bushehr and Isfahan being
afterwards maintained and worked as a branch of the Central Persian
line. It was estimated that a line from Kashan to Karachi would be
about l,4u0 miles in length, and one from Kashan to Quetta about
1,300 miles.
Negotiations for the execution of Mr. Ffinch^s project were imme
diately opened with the Persian Government through the British
Minister at Tehran. .During 1899 and 1900 the objections of the Shah
and his ministers continued insuperable, the former laying stress rather
on the uncivilised character of the Baluchi country to be traversed, where
incidents similar to the recent murder of Mr. Graves might be expected
to ^ occur, * while the latter suggested that a telegraph concession to
Britain in the south might provoke the Russians to ask a similar favour
in the north,—-a demand which it would be impossible to refuse. In
reality the Persians seem at first to have suspected that the new tele
graph project concealed some political design on the part of Britain, and
even that it was intended to utilise the troubles to which it might give
rise as a pretex for introducing Indian troops into the country.
^ en £>^ 1 on l^th of August 1901, these apprehensions having
with difficulty been removed, a Convention for the extension of telegra
phic communication between Europe and India through Persia was
signed at Tajrish near Tehran on behalf of the British and Persian
Governments. Ratification took place in January 1902. By this new
onvention it was settled that, in addition to the present line of telegraph
rrom Tehran to Bushehr and the submarine cable thence to India, a
three-wire line of telegraph should be carried by the Persian Government
10m Kashan via Yazd and Kirman to the Baluchistan frontiei.
Construction was to take place under the supervision and direction of the
Indo-European Telegraph Department in Persia, the pay of the workmen
employed being in the first instance advanced, and the necessary stores
supplied, by the British Government as a loan repayable without
mterest. The line, which on completion should become the property
Qt the Persian G overnment, was to be leased to the Indo -European
Kapch 0f makr an, page 2195. Mr. Graves ffas killed on the
xiapcn nvei in Makran on the 2nd of December 1897.
appear j
tile om-ic

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2432] (949/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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