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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2433] (950/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Telegraph Department at an annual rent eqmvalent to one-twentj-fifth
of the total cost of construction; bnt of this amount three-fourths
should be retained year by year by the British Government until they
had been fuDy reimbursed for the amount of their advances ; this con
dition was subject, however, to the proviso that the share of rent
actually accruing' to the Persian Government in any year should not be
less than 25,000 francs. The payments of rent should be half-yearly.
The maintenance of the line (including repairs) was to be in the
hands of the British telegraphic staff, and the cost of the same was to be
defrayed by the British Government; the line guards also, who must be
Persian subjects, should be appointed, controlled and paid by the British
telegraph authorities. For the protection of the British officials and of
the line itself the Persian Government assumed full responsibility; but
the task was to be rendered as simple as possible by the location of the
officials at large centres of population and by an obligation on their
part to apply for escorts before proceeding into districts scheduled as
dangerous. Of the three wires composing the line, one should be at the
disposal of the Persian Telegraph Administration for local work, while
the other two were to be reserved for international traffic.
Provision was further made in the Convention for the allocation of
the revenue of local, terminal and transit messages ; and certain articles
of the Convention of 1872 were declared to be applicable to the Central
Persian line. The term of the Convention was till the 1st of January
1925, or such longer period as might be necessary for the discharge of
the debt due for construction by the Persian to the British Government •
but power was reserved to the British Government to abandon the line
at any time, after giving six months' notice, on condition of forfeiting
any balance of undischarged debt which might still be due from Persia.
One article, the Tenth, provided for the placing of an additional wire
on the existing line between Tehran and Kashan; but this article, as
will appear further on, it was subsequently found necessary to modify in
The construction of the new line, which consisted of three iron wires
carried upon iron poles, was begun at Kashan on the 2nd of December
1902; and on the 21st of January 1904 a point 25 miles to the east of
Bam had been reached. It was originally intended that the line should
pass onwards to British Baluchistan by way of Bazman; but an alterna
tive route was now suggested; and, after a pause for consideration, work
was resumed on the 24th of February, not in the direction of Bazman
but across the desert to Koh-i-Malik Siyah, the meeting point of British,
Afghan and Persian territory. This prolongation was completed and
connected with the British Indian system of telegraphs in the neigh
bourhood of Koh-i-Malik Siyah on the 9th of May 1904; and direct
communication by land was thus established for the first time between
India and Tehran. The extension across the desert was, at first, a
temporary single-wire line; but it is now understood that this will be
made permanent, and that it may ultimately become a section of the main
nne between India and Persia.
Advantage was taken of the construction of the new Central Persian
Ime to improve the alignment of the existing line south of Keshan.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2433] (950/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 9 December 2023]

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