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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2456] (973/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Abolition "of
the Indian
and the in
terior, 1877.
ment of a
(1) tliat on the Indian side the post office at Bombay and the
Indian post office at Bushehr should be offices of exchange ;
(2) that all correspondence for India^ and for countries served
through India^ should be placed by the Persian post office in
a closed mail for Bombay ;
(8) that all correspondence for places in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and for
Basrah and Baghdad in Turkish ^Iraq should be sent in a
closed mail to the Indian post office at Bushehr for sorting
and despatch to the Indian post offices at those places ; and
(4) that correspondence between India and Persia should be subject
to certain special Union rates of postage.
The first Director-General of Persian Posts organised an efficient
system and placed it in a good working order; but he was dissatisfied
with his position and resigned it at the end of his three years^ contract.
A Russian, who had been his assistant^ succeeded him and maintained
the efficiency of the postal system but was wrongfully* dismissed on a
charge of peculation^ which was not established; and in 1880 the
management fell into the hands of unqualified persons—French,
Armenians^ Persians^ and others. The immediate result was disorgani
sation, which at one time threatened a total collapse ; but eventually, in
189 the services as Inspector-General of M. Arnold, a German account
ant j were secured^ and a state of comparative efficiency was restored.
Au early result of the foundation of a Persian Post Office was the
abolition of the quasi-public mail service maintained by the British and
Indian Governments between Bushehr and the interior.
In 1^76^ after the appointment of the first Director-General of
Persian Posts_, a proposal was made^, apparently at his instance^ that the
British Indian postmaster at Bushehr should be placed in charge also of
a Persian post office at the same place ; and that the British arrangements
for the carriage of mails between Bushehr and Tehran should ^be utilised
to supplement others which the Persian Postal Department was about to
introduce; both requests were however courteously declined by
the British authorities. At the beginning of 1877, before the entry of
Persia into the International Postal Union^ the Persian Government
notified to the British Legation at Tehran that they had instituted a
weekly post between Bushehr and Tehran^ and at the same time they
asked that the Persian and British mails should be interchanged at
Bushehr, and that all postal matter transmitted to or from the interior
should in future be sent by the Persian mail; these proposals^ as will be
seen from the agreement of February 1878 already quoted above, were
accepted in so far as they related to the interchange of mails at Bushehr ;
and^ though the British official up-country mail was continued,
private correspondence was no longer allowed to be sent by its means,
and the quasi-public postal service of the British and Indian Governments
in Persia ceased.
In 1882 a Persian^ post office was opened at Bandar ^Abbas ; and
direct postal communication was opened by the Persian Government
* The Persian Government had, in the end, to compensate him by paying him the
amount of his salary for the unexpired period of his contract.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2456] (973/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 December 2023]

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