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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2463] (980/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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in March 1887 the Turkish Government^ perhaps as having achieved
what was their real purpose at the time^ closed their own line also. In 1889,
however, the Turus re-opened the post route by Damascus and Bairut,
a dromedary thereafter leaving Baghdad every Thursday; and in M ay
1906 Aleppo was substituted for Damascus as the principal Syrian station.
The courier on this line is occasionally robbed, or dies of intense cold or.
heat, by the way; but the mail, in such cases, is generally recovered after
a time : and this post is now habitually used by the mercantile community
at Baghdad. A Tatar post for Constantinople via Musal and Diyarbakr
also leaves Baghdad every Monday.
We come now to a series of persistent endeavours, made by the Porte Attempt hj
between 1878 and 1887, to oust the Indian Post Office from Turkish the Turkish
t - n Government
. i n i n p obtain the
These begna at the International Postal Conterence held at rans m abolition of
1878, where the Ottoman delegates urged the suppression of all foreign the Indian
post offices in the Turkish dominions ; the proposal was one which affected post offices,
Great Britain, France, Oermany, Austria and Italy; and the Conference
declined to entertain it on the ground that it involved diplomatic consi- ^^ihoent 6
derations and therefore lay beyond their scope. By adhering to the the i r m .j.
Paris Postal Convention of 1878 Turkey succeeded in acquiring a more vileges, 1878*
respectable, but entirely undeserved international status in postal matters. 1905.
In 1881 the latent antipathy of the Turks to the Indian Post Office 1881-82.
was translated into action and showed itself in official competition with
the British Baghdad-Damascus service, to which allusion has already
been made, and in a small matter connected with the delivery of parcels
at Baghdad. In the same year the abolition of the British desert post
was requested by the Porte, both at Baghdad and through the British
Ambassador at Constantinople; but the demand was successfully resisted.
In 1882 the Ottoman Minister for Foreign Affairs recurred to the
subject and pressed for the abolition not only of the desert post but also
of the Indian post offices at Baghdad and Basrah; the demand was
however withdrawn for the time, and a promise was even given that it
would not be urged.
In 1883 the Turkish Minister for Foreign Affairs attempted to 1883.
renew the discussion on the subject of the British desert post, but the
British Embassy took their stand on the promise given in the previous
year and the matter dropped. The Turks about the same time resorted
to local obstruction and made a half-hearted attempt, which was not
successful, to detain at Qurnah the Euphrates and Tigris Company's
steamer " Khalifah " proceeding with mails from Basrah to Baghdad ;
a crisis and negotiations followed, during which H.M.S. "Woodlark"
was kept at Basrah in readiness for emergencies. On the 20th of August
1883, while those negotiations were still pending the Wali of Baghdad
demanded the abolition of the town office and letter box maintained by
the Indian Post Office at Basrah, both of which have already mentioned
in the history of the Basrah post office; and he caused a notice to be
posted up, forbidding the use of any but Turkish post offices and ordering
the exclusive use of Turkish stamps under penalty of a fine of one to five
Lirahs. The penalty was in one or two instances actually enforced, and
some consternation was caused among the merchants and. Turkish officials

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2463] (980/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 7 December 2023]

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