Skip to item: of 1,262
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2464] (981/1262)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

who had been accustomed to make use of the Indian Post Office for the
transmission of valuables and letters of importance. On the 29th of
August 1883 the Wali of Baghdad complained of the refusal of the
Indian post office at Basrah to accept from the Turkish Post Office
letters for India and other foreign countries unless stamped with
Indian stamps. On the 11th of September 1888 the contest was
renewed at Constantinople by a futile demand on the part of the Ottoman
Government " for suppression of the service with regard to the transport
of letters and correspondence between Basrah and Baghdad by Messrs.
Lynch & Co/s steamers. 33 A partial concession was made to Turkish
objections by the discontinuance of house-to-house distribution of letters
from the Indian post offices at Baghdad and Basrah and by the substi
tution of a window delivery; but the carriage of letters of Turkish
subjects from Baghdad and Basrah to various river-bank places on the
Tigris continued until February 1886^ after which it ceased and such
letters^ when received by the British, were transferred to the Turkish
Post Office.
1884, In 1884 the Porte returned to the charge with a Memorandum drawn
up by their Director General of Posts and Telegraphs; this manifesto
laid stress on the equality of the postal position of Turkey with that of
the other nations which had joined the Postal Union; proclaimed the
ability of the Turkish Post Office to cope with the entire mail arrange
ments of Turkish •'Iraq; demanded the cessation of the British desert post;
and asserted a liability on the part of the Euphrates and Tigris Company^
steamers to carry the Turkish mails free of charge between Baghdad and
Basrah. The last contention, though a paragraph of the Paris Conven- t.
tion was quoted in its support, was ill-founded; and the Ottoman demands
were rejected in their entirety on the broad ground that they would
entail a loss of facility in postal communication between India and
Turkish ■'Iraq. Also in 1884, a system of searching passengers who
disembarked from British steamers on the Tigris for letters not bearing
Turkish stamps was introduced, but it was soon discontinued in conse
quence of diplomatic representations made at Constantinople.
1885-87. In 1885 and 1887 fresh efforts were made by the Turkish Govern
ment to obtain the abolition of the Indian post offices at Baghdad and
Basrah, but, like those which had preceded them, they were abortive.
1893-1901. From 1893 onwards local letters posted at Baghdad for Basrah and j,
vice versa were transferred to the Turkish post office for disposal; j
formerly a quantity of correspondence between those and intermediate
places had been carried free, in an irregular manner, by the steamers of ^
the Euphrates and Tigris Steam Navigation Company. A scheme E
of procedure suggested by the Turkish Post Office in 1894, which
would have resulted in the virtual closure of the British Office at |
Baghdad, was successfully thwarted. a Ship^s letters'", i .e., letters |
containing bills of lading, etc., or relating to cargo on board, continued i
to be carried unstamped by the Company's vessels until 1901, when j|
portable letter-boxes were provided on board by the Ottoman Post
Office for the reception of such covers; no use however was made of ^
the boxes, and after some months they were withdrawn. In 1901, m
consequence of a difficulty made by the Turkish post office at Jiddah
In 1882
^plaints \

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2464] (981/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 December 2023]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [&lrm;2464] (981/1262)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image