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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2478] (995/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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and East India Company to seize and confiscate ^Omani vessels engaged
in the slave trade, except such as might be found carrying slaves between
certain ports on the eastern coast of Africa.
Act of 15 th Provision was made for giving effect to the Agreement thus con-
Septejnber eluded by an Act (11 and 1^ Vic 0 Cap. CXXVIII), dated the 15th
1848. September 1848, which authorised British officers to take action in
accordance with its terms, and which regulated, at the same time the
rewards that the captors of slave vessels under the Agreement should
Masqat Order A Masqat Order in Council A regulation issued by the sovereign of the United Kingdom on the advice of the Privy Council. of 4ith November 1867 empowered the
in Council, British Consul at Masqat himself to try, with the aid of assessors, any
K th i8fi7 Vem " British subject accused of engaging in, or being accessory, to the pur-
chase or sale of slaves, or of having slaves illegally in his possession, or
otherwise to send such British subject to India for trial by the High
Court of Bombay.
On the 2£nd of May 1849, Sohar and the district around it
eaeement 0 " forming at that time a principality independent of Masqat, an Engage-
•22nd May ment was obtained from Saiyid Saif-bin -Hamud, the chief of Sohai,
1849. by which he bound himself to prohibit, with effect from the ^Ist June
1849, the exportation of slaves from the coast of Africa and elsewhere
in vessels belonging to himself or his subjects and agreed to the deten
tion and search by British cruisers of such vessels, when suspected ot
taking part in the slave trade, and to their confiscation in event ot the
suspicion being found justified.
Act of 9th As in the case of the Agreement of 1845 with the Saiyid of 'Omau,
May 1853. legislative action was taken in Great Britain to give effect to the t-n-
o-ao-ement of the Sohar chief ; this was done by the passing of an Act
(16 and 17 Vic., Cap. XVI), dated 9th May 1853, of which the provi
sions resembled those of the Act of 15th September 1848.
Treaty of Saiyid Sa'id, in whose reign all the agreements as yet mentioned
April 14th were formed, ruled over both Zanzibar and 'Oman ; but atter his deatn
1873 " in 1856 these two territorial divisions became separate Sultanates. With
the Sultan of Zanzibar we are hardly concerned, except to remark
that the provision in the Agreement of 1845 which permitted the ship
ment of slaves between ports in East Africa was abused m such a way
as to cover a continuance of the slave trade between Kast Africa an
the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , and that this circumstance eventually ^necpsitatccl
revision of the Agreement of 1845. Colonel Higby, the Political g
in Zanzibar, reported in 1861 that the Agreement had been a dead
letter since its execution, and that m 1860-61 no less than 10,000 p,
had been exported northwards from East Africa. A change was real y ^
required in the Agreements with the Sultan of Zanzibar on y; _
advantage was taken of the mission of Sir Bartle Frere to Zanzibarm |( ^
1873 to obtain from the Sultan of'Oman also a Treaty moie app
ISYO to ODtani xrom Lilt- ^uiuaii V. - ,' J „ V pi
priate to the altered circumstances of that ruler than the Agreem n
1845. On the 12th of April 187S Sir B. Frere and his staff armed at
Masqat, where, the obstacles to an understanding being less cottsidera T,
than at Zanzibar, matters were quickly adjusted with the assistan
Colonel Pelly, the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. ; and on the 14th of April a new
Treaty was signed. By this instrument the importation of slaves tro
%, agrcet

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2478] (995/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 December 2023]

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