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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2484] (1001/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Council" 18th n Pers i! n Convention of 1882 was brought within the operation
August 1882. . ^ a i e Act ' 187 ^ b y an Order in Council A regulation issued by the sovereign of the United Kingdom on the advice of the Privy Council. passed on the
18th of August 1882,
General position and enactments, 1812-1907.
Won/1812- C ' Be ! 0 ? Sf ; in " fu . rther we ma .y briefly review the stages by which the
44 ■ present legal position as regards slavery in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. has been
reached. In 1800 there was no legal obstacle to the slave trade in anv
form many part of the Gulf. From 1812 the enslavement of Indians
was treated as illegal by the Turkish authorities in-"Iraq. In 1820 the
carrying off and transporting of slaves were stigmatised and made punish
able as plunder and piracy by the Shaikhs of Tmcial J Oman and Bahrain •
but, as we shall see further on, the expressions used were interpreted in
practice in a sense narrower than that of which, possibly, thev were
capable. In 1822 the Saiyid of Masqat undertook to prevent the supply
ing of slaves by his subjects to those of Christian nations and agreed to
the seizure of slaving vessels outside a certain line. In 1839 the
Masqat restrictive line was modified, and the Trucial Shaikhs agreed
to the seizure outside an almost identical line of vessels carrying
!u cJ ir a g re e m ent superseded a more general one into which
the Shaikhs had entered in 1838. r Jhe above were the only repressive
measures brought into force up to 1844, and it will be seen that they
n 6 w £ very partial character in so far as they concerned the Persian
(jult; tor while they made it possible to destroy the trade in slaves
between Africa and India, they left the trade from Africa to Persia,
, wai t' Hasa and Qatar totally unaffected, and they permitted
ot the contmiiance of a trade in purchased slaves from Africa to •'Oman,
Irucial Oman and Bahrain, provided the slavers did not cross to the
Indian side of an imaginary line.
Later restric- • j • , •
tions, 1845- .. ,. progressive restrictions imposed after 1844 were aimed at the
S2, extinction of the trade from Africa to the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. itself. In 1845
the Saiyid of Masqat and Zanzibar prohibited the importation of slaves
into his Asian territories and made illegal all carriage of slaves by his
subjects at sea, except in certain African waters. Tn 1847 the Trucial
Shaikhs interdicted the carriage of slaves at sea in vessels belonging to
their subjects; and in the same year the traffic was rendered ilWl for
vessels under the Turkish flag. Tn 1848 the importation of African
slaves by sea into Persia was prohibited. Various subsidiary arrange
ments followed at intervals up to 1882; but by the end of ]84cS the
present Isgal position had virtually been attained, the carriage of
slaves from Africa to the coasts of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. in vessels belong'ins'
to then subjecis had become contrary to the laws of all rulers (except
those oi^ Qatar, Hasa and Kuwait) in the countries surroundino* the Gulf-
an ious means of enforcing those laws, principally by British naval
co-operation, had been provided.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2484] (1001/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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